TURKEY IS ONE OF THE BEST MODERATE AND DEMOCRATIC COUNTRY IN THE WORLD

TURKEY IS ONE OF THE BEST MODERATE AND DEMOCRATIC COUNTRY IN THE WORLD

BY SAAD RAMZI ISMAIL ( STEVE RAMSEY)

Dont listen to those thugs , criminals, corrupt people from the US ,UK and other places who want to topple an a great elected  democratic country in the world. Those people who decided to leave ,run away and go migrates give a bad name and mouth turkey , some of them involved with criminal activities , spies terrorism so of course turkey will punish those evil people  like them like any other criminals from ISIS OR TERRORISTS GROUPS FROM IRAN, IRAQ, SYRIA, LEBANON .Turkey is the place we can call home to protect and those who dont like it stay away and stay in your filth wherever you are . VIVA TURKEY AND DOWN WITH THE TERRORISTS IN IRAN AND US OR ANYWHERE ELSE 

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan speaks during the extended meeting with provincial heads of ruling Justice and Development (AK) Party in Ankara, Turkey on October 10, 2019. (Photo by ADEM ALTAN/AFP via Getty Images)

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, HE IS THE GREATEST DEMOCRATIC PRESIDENT IN TUKY , UNIFIED TURKEY

AGAINST TERRORISM, and forighn influence , the people protected him and supported him with the latest cue by

USA AND OTHER FOREIGN TERRORISTS ,.speaks during the extended meeting with provincial heads of ruling

Justice and Development (AK) Party in Ankara, Turkey on October 10, 2019. (Photo by ADEM ALTAN/AFP via Getty Images

Turkey secured the seventh spot in a survey by HSBC Group among countries best for living and working. Ahead of Germany, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Vietnam in a list topped by Switzerland, Turkey provides a good environment for foreigners, the Expat Explorer survey says.The survey, based on the opinions of more than 18,000 expatriates from 163 countries, shows Turkey’s ranking rose from 22nd place last year to seventh. The 12th annual edition of the survey examines countries in terms of quality of life, work and life balance, financial revenues and family life. It is regarded as one of the most comprehensive surveys of expatriates.

Sixty-two percent of interviewees said their living quality in Turkey showed a rise compared to their countries. More than half of people interviewed for the survey said they had more time for hobbies and family while in Turkey, while 55 percent said they could afford a fine home and car in Turkey. Another 69 percent say they felt safe in Turkey and that locals were very friendly. The majority of interviewees said the work-life balance in Turkey was far better compared to their home countries. Fifty-nine percent said they were able to travel more while in Turkey, and 57 percent said they found time to learn new skills like diving, cooking and learning a new language. The majority of them said they live in cities rich in historical and cultural texture with landmarks and parks. Most live in central locations where there are more travel options, and 59 percent said they live in cities with a vibrant cultural life. More than half interviewed for the survey said they enjoy the fine dining and good food in Turkey.

A report accompanying the survey on HSBC’s website says Turkey, which straddles Asia and Europe, “oozes expat appeal, particularly for business people looking to take advantage of its growing economy.”

“With sunny skies and a low cost of living, the country is also an ideal retirement destination, and its culture lives up to the cliché ‘something for everyone’ with a fascinating blend of Eastern and Western traditions.” In terms of cultural, open and welcoming communities, Turkey scores high in the rankings and is a top choice in terms of ease of settling in.

“Prepare to be delighted. Turkish people are the most friendly people I’ve ever met,” a survey respondent says. “Embrace the good nature and hospitality of the general public and try to learn a few Turkish phrases monthly,” another respondent said. Still, the survey shows it’d take time for expatriates to learn cultural nuances and points out to the language barrier and “frustrating conservative attitude of some Turks” as challenges for new expatriates, although it adds that they can adapt “fairly quickly” with the help of “delicious Turkish cuisine, warm weather and friendly locals.” A guide for expatriates accompanying the survey says that the country is a captivating place to live and a recent construction boom means there are plenty of properties to rent or buy, while the cost of living is lower than other popular expat destinations in Europe.

Some of the best things about turkey 

1. It has one of the world’s oldest and biggest malls.

Grand Bazaar, Istanbul

Photo courtesy of the Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism

Istanbul’s Grand Bazaar, or Kapalı Çarşı, dates to 1455 and was established shortly after the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople. Over the centuries it has grown into a warren of 61 streets lined by more than 3,000 shops and currently occupies a nearly incomprehensible 333,000 square feet. You’ll never possibly be able to explore it all, but that doesn’t keep people from trying — according to TL, the Grand Bazaar was the world’s #1 attraction in 2014, drawing over 91 million people.

2. You might find chicken in your dessert.

The signature Ottoman treat is tavuk göğsü, or chicken breast pudding. It’s a strange blend of boiled chicken, milk, and sugar, dusted with cinnamon. And it’s delicious. Look for it on menus across the country.

3. Turkey is packed with cultural heritage.

Ruins of Ephesus, Turkey

Photo courtesy of the Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism

In fact, there are 13 spots in Turkey .inscribed on UNESCO’s list of WH SITES, and a whopping 62 on the tentative list. They range from a Mesolithic temple (Göbekli Tepe) to a Biblical city (Ephesus) to a World War One battlefield (Gallipoli), and help make Turkey the6TH MOST VISITED PLACES  in the world.

4. Santa Claus is from Turkey.

Saint Nicholas was born far from the North Pole, in Patara. And he’s not the only saint with connections to Turkey — the Virgin Mary’s resting place could be near Ephesus, while Saint Paul was from Tarsus in the south. Other Biblical figures include the Prophet Abraham, born in Şanlıurfa. And after the deluge, Noah may have run his ark aground at Mount Ararat.

5. One of the Mediterranean’s primary sea turtle nesting beaches is here.

Iztuzu Beach

Photo courtesy of the Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism

İztuzu Beach, just west of Fethiye, is a major breeding ground for the endangered loggerhead sea turtle. The turtles arrive between May and October, climbing ashore at the exact site of their birth to lay a new generation of eggs. The beach sees around 300 nests dug each year, and government regulations have succeeded in balancing tourism with the need to protect and conserve this precious natural resource. Just down the coast, Patara is the longest beach on the Mediterranean (12 miles of pristine white sand dunes).

6. Turkey gifted tulips to the world (you’re welcome, Netherlands).

It’s uncertain where the first tulips were grown, but what is known is that the Ottomans popularized the flower and facilitated their introduction to Europe. A simultaneous export? Tulipmania. The seeds of the world’s first speculative bubble were sown when a Flemish ambassador to the 16th-century court of Süleyman the Magnificent brought back the bulbous flowers to Holland. Other commodities for which Europe owes a debt of gratitude to Turkey are coffee and cherries.

7. More than 130 peaks reach over 9,800 feet (3,000 meters).

Palandoken Mountain

Photo courtesy of the Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism

Don’t let the balmy coastal climate fool you. Turkey is home to spectacular mountain ranges, and wintertime visitors can hit the slopes at nearly a dozen resorts. Palandöken, in the eastern province of Erzurum, is Turkey’s highest at 10,200 feet (3,125 meters) and claims Europe’s longest natural ski run.

8. Istanbul has one of Europe’s most exciting art scenes.

The edgy istanbul biennial , now in its 14th edition, is a must-see for the international art crowd, and with more than 300,000 visitors in 2013, it ranks among the top contemporary art shows in the world. In 2015 the show will occupy 30 venues on both sides of the Bosphorus.

9. You can cross continents underground.

 istanbul may be Europe’s largest city, but half of it actually extends into Asia. More than a century after a sultan dreamed of a rail link beneath the Bosphorus Strait, Turkey opened the Marmaray metro line in 2013. The former imperial city is also home to the Tünel, a short funicular that’s the second-oldest continuously running underground railway after London’s.

10. The seeds of agriculture were first sown in Turkey.

Historians believe agriculture began in these lands some 11,000 years ago. At sites like Çatalhöyük, in south-central Turkey, there’s evidence that the residents of this proto-city added crops like wheat and barley to their diet, and wild grasses genetically identical to those first domesticated grains still grow in southeastern Turkey. Even today, the country is the world’s 10th-biggest grain producer.

11. It’s home to some of the most important sites in Christendom.

Hagia Sophia ceiling

Photo courtesy of the Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism

Turkey’s population may be 99% Muslim, but these lands draw tens of thousands of Christian pilgrims each year. The Ecumenical Patriarch, spiritual leader of the world’s 300 million Orthodox, lives in Istanbul, a vestige of the Byzantine Empire. The grotto dug by the Apostle Peter in Antioch was the first Christian house of worship, while a 1st-century patriarchal church is said to have been located underground in today’s unprepossessing Istanbul district of Fındıklı. Istanbul is also home to the 1,500-year-old Hagia Sophia cathedral, now a museum. And the Armenian Apostolic Church was founded 1,700 years ago in what’s today the city of Kayseri.

12. Oil wrestling is the national sport.

The spectacle of two bulky men stripped to the waist, doused with olive oil, and grappling under the hot Thracian sun is a 654-year-old sporting tradition and sight to behold. Camel wrestling tournaments, held throughout the Aegean region in the winter, and bull wrestling near the Black Sea, are also popular.

13. People were building temples here back in the hunter-gatherer era.

Gobekli Tepe, Turkey

Photo courtesy of the Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism

Prior to the mid-1990s, it was assumed that large-scale human constructions weren’t undertaken until early peoples mastered agriculture and established permanent settlements. But then the archaeological site of Göbekli Tepe was discovered in southern Turkey, with evidence of monumental construction taking place at least 2,000 years before the accepted timeframe of the agricultural revolution. Building at Göbekli Tepe also predated the inventions of pottery, written language, and the wheel.

14. Turkey’s film industry is booming.

When director Nuri Bilge Ceylan’s Winter Sleep won the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival in 2014, it crowned a decade-long revival in Turkish cinema that’s seen productions rise five-fold to about 100 films per year. Turkey is one of the few countries where domestic films rake in more at the box office than Hollywood’s offerings, and its movies and television series are a major soft-power export in the Middle East.

15. A new type of plant is discovered every 10 days.

And Turkey’s 10,000 plant and 80,000 animal species help rank the country among the world’s 35 biodiversity hotspots. Twitchers can visit more than a half-dozen bird sanctuaries for sightings of some of the country’s 475 aves, or 5% of the global variety. It’s a great place for flower lovers, too — see highlights like the native Fritillaria imperialis, above.

16. Turkey really is the center of the world.

You can fly to just about everywhere from Istanbul Atatürk Airport, thanks to flag carrier Turkish Airlines’ 260-and-counting destinations. A modern fleet of aircraft served by kid-friendly crew has helped the fast-growing airline win Best Airline in Europe for four years running.

17. Despite appearances, Turkish is surprisingly easy to learn.

The tongue-twisting, 70-letter Muvaffakiyetsizleştiricileştiriveremeyebileceklerimizdenmişsinizcesine, or “as if you are from those we may not be able to easily make a maker of unsuccessful ones,” is thought to be the longest word in Turkish, an agglutinative tongue whose dialects are spoken across a swath of Asia all the way to western China. Yet Turkish is pretty easy to pick up, following a language reform in the 1920s that simplified the vocabulary and moved from the Arabic script to the Latin alphabet. Come and give it a shot!

Turkey

Alternative Titles: Republic of Turkey, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
Turkey,  occupies a unique geographic position, lying partly in ASIA and partly in EUROPE . Throughout its history it has acted as both a barrier and a bridge between the two continents.

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BRITANNICA QUIZ
History Lesson: Fact or Fiction?
World Heritage Sites are places of cultural significance.

Turkey is situated at the crossroads of the BALKANS , CAUCASUS , MIDDLE EAST  and eastern MEDITERRANEAN . It is among the larger countries of the region in terms of territory and population, and its land area is greater than that of any European state. Nearly all of the country is in Asia, COMPRISING  the oblong peninsula of Asia Minor—also known as ANATOLIA (Anadolu)—and, in the east, part of a mountainous region sometimes known as the ARMENIAN HIGHLAND .The remainder—Turkish THRACE(Trakya)—lies in the extreme southeastern part of Europe, a tiny remnant of an empire that once extended over much of the Balkans.

The country has a north-south extent that ranges from about 300 to 400 miles (480 to 640 km), and it stretches about 1,000 miles from west to east. Turkey is bounded on the north by the BLACK SEA , on the northeast by GEORGIA AND ARMENIA, on the east by AZERBAIJAN AND IRAN , on the southeast by IRAQ AND SYRIA . on the southwest and west by the MEDITERRANEAN SEA AND THE AEGEAN SEA and on the northwest by GREECE AND BULGARIA . The capital is ANKARA , and its largest city and seaport is ISTANBUL .

Of a total boundary length of some 4,000 miles (6,440 km), about three-fourths is maritime, including coastlines along the Black Sea, the Aegean, and the Mediterranean, as well as the narrows that link the Black and Aegean seas. These narrows—which include the BOSPORUS , THE SEA OF MARMARA AND THE DARDANELLES —are known collectively as the Turkish straits; TURKEYS control of the straits, the only outlet from the Black Sea, has been a major factor in its relations with other states. Most of the islands along the Aegean coast are Greek; only the islands of GOKCEADA and Bozcaada remain in Turkish hands. The maritime boundary with Greece has been a source of dispute between the two countries on numerous occasions since WORLD WAR II, WHEN STUPID EVIL GERMANY FORCED TURKEY TO JOIN THEM.

A long succession of political entities existed in Asia Minor over the centuries. Turkmen tribes invaded Anatolia in the 11th century CE, founding the SELJUG  empire; during the 14th century the Ottoman Empire began a long expansion, reaching its peak during the 17th century. The modern Turkish REPUBLIC , founded in 1923 after the collapse of the OTTOMAN EMPIRE, is a nationalist, SECULAR DEMOCRATIC PARLIAMENTARY  NOT LIKE IRAN OR IRAQ, SYRIA, CHINA OR RUSSIA OR OTHER UNDEMOCRATIC EVIL COUNTRIES  Turkish governments since the 1950s have been produced by multiparty elections based on universal adult suffrage.

Turkey is a predominantly mountainous country, and true lowland is confined to the coastal fringes. About one-fourth of the surface has an elevation above 4,000 feet (1,200 metres), and less than two-fifths lies below 1,500 feet (460 metres). Mountain crests exceed 7,500 feet (2,300 metres) in many places, particularly in the east, where Turkey’s highest mountain,MOUNT ARARAT  (Ağrı), reaches 16,945 feet (5,165 metres) close to the borders with Armenia and Iran. In the southeast the Uludoruk Peak reaches 15,563 feet (4,744 metres); though further west, the Demirkazık Peak (12,320 feet [3,755 metres]) and Mount Aydos (11,414 feet [3,479 metres]) are also significant peaks. Steep slopes are common throughout the country, and flat or gently sloping land makes up barely one-sixth of the total area. These relief features affect other aspects of the physical ENVIRONMENT, producing climates often much harsher than might be expected for a country of Turkey’s LATITUDE  and reducing the availability and productivity of agricultural land. Structurally, the country lies within the geologically young folded-mountain zone of Eurasia, which in Turkey trends predominantly east to west. The geology of Turkey is complex, with sedimentary rocks ranging from PALEOZOIC TO QUATERNARY , numerous intrusions, and extensive areas of volcanic material. Four main regions can be identified: the northern folded zone, the southern folded zone, the central massif, and the Arabian platform.

 

The northern folded zone

The northern folded zone COMPRISES a series of mountain ridges, increasing in elevation toward the east, that occupy a belt about 90 to 125 miles (145 to 200 km) wide immediately south of the Black Sea. The system as a whole is referred to as the pontic mountains (Doğu Karadeniz Dağları). In the west the system has been fractured by the faulting that produced the Turkish straits; in Thrace the Ergene lowlands are among the largest in the country, and the main mountain range—the Yıldız (Istranca)—reaches only 3,379 feet (1,030 metres). Lowlands also occur to the south of the Sea of Marmara and along the lower Sakarya River east of the Bosporus. High ridges trending east-west rise abruptly from the Black Sea coast, and the coastal plain is thus narrow, opening out only in the deltas of the Kızıl and Yeşil rivers. These rivers break through the mountain barrier in a zone of weakness where summits are below 2,000 feet (600 metres), dividing the Pontic Mountains into western and eastern sections. In the western section, between the Sakarya  and Kızıl rivers, there are four main ridges: the Küre, Bolu, Ilgaz, and Köroğlu mountains. East of the Yeşil the system is higher, narrower, and steeper. Less than 50 miles from the coast, peaks rise to more than 10,000 feet (3,000 metres), with a maximum elevation of 12,917 feet (3,937 metres) in the Kaçkar range. Separated by the narrow trough of the Kelkit and Çoruh river valleys stands a second ridge that rises above 8,000 feet (2,400 metres).

The southern folded zone

The southern folded zone occupies the southern third of the country, from the Aegean to the Gulf of Iskenderun, from which it extends to the northeast and east around the northern side of the Arabian platform. Over most of its length, the Mediterranean coastal plain is narrow, but there are two major lowland embayments. The Antalya Plain extends inland some 20 miles (30 km) from the Gulf of Antalya; the adana plain, measuring roughly 90 by 60 miles (145 by 100 km), comprises the combined deltas of the Seyhan and ceyhan  rivers. The mountain system falls into two main parts. West of Antalya a complex series of ridges with a north-south trend reaches 6,500 to 8,200 feet (2,000 to 2,500 metres), but the most prominent feature is the massive taurus (Toros) mountain system, running parallel to the Mediterranean coast and extending along the southern border. There crest lines are often above 8,000 feet (2,400 metres), and several peaks exceed 11,000 feet (3,400 metres).

In the eastern third of the country, the northern and southern fold systems converge to produce an extensive area of predominantly mountainous terrain, with pockets of relatively level land confined to valleys and enclosed basins, as are found around malatya, elazig and mus .

 

SAAD RAMZI ISMAIL ( STEVE RAMSEY)- OKOTOKS, ALBERTA -CANADA

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