Pheronsic Demonologist

This is the first time anybody talk about this subject, I found this segment of demonology ,I call it the Forensic Demonology, is like the forensic pathology who study the reason why this or that disease killed a person,  I perfected a method to study what specific demon , shape, size, marks, color, adore, and name that can inflict pain and suffering to human and even death ( if God permit it to do so).

You have to study in depth the Torah, Kabbalah,talmud , The new testament , and the Quran, as each will give you more details about the demons , jinn and the falling angels history and names, then you have to be familiar with the hadeeth and the word of mouth that came from Adam, Noah, bahlaiel, Abraham, Ishmail, Issac, jacob, David, solima, Moses , jesus and Mohammed .

Then you have to study all the occult books about demons from China, India, tebat, Roman and the Greek, Europe and Asia, Middle East and native indians,The Munich Manual of Demonic Magic, Pseudomonarchia Daemonum,Lemegeton Clavicula Salomonis book,also the ars goetia It is the first section of the lesser key of Solomon  , containing the description of the 72 demons that king solomon have evoked by God order and control, enslaved to build the temple and other buildings, and he confined in a bronze vessel sealed by magic symbols, or in Islam called the God secret words , sealing of words that know one knows only few .and that he obliged to work for him.

The Ars Goetia assigns a rank and a title of nobility to each member of the infernal hierarchy, and gives the demons “signs they have to pay allegiance to”, or seals. You have to study the book of the dead, ALAZEF, SHAMS AL MAAREF BOOK, and hundreds of other arabic ,islamic and hebrew books about demons.

You also have to study books like the Pseudomonarchia Daemonum

Pseudomonarchia Daemonum, by Johann Weyer is a Grimoire , that contains a list of demons and the appropriate hours and rituals to conjure them in the name of God, Jesus and the Holy Ghost (simpler than those cited by The Lesser Key of Solomon below). So most of the above books and authors barrow most of the knowledge from the Torah- King solomon GRIMOIRE. 

This book was written around 1583, and lists sixty-eight demons. The demons Vassago, seir, dantalion, and andromalius  are not listed in this book. Pseudomonarchia Daemonum does not attribute seals to the demons.

The Lesser Key of Solomon

The Lesser Key of Solomon or Lemegeton Clavicula Salomonis is an anonymous 17th century grimoire, and one of the most popular books of demonology. The Lesser Key of Solomon contains detailed descriptions of Spirits and the Conjurations needed to invoke and oblige them to do the will of the conjurer (referred to as the “exorcist”).

It details the protective signs and rituals to be performed, the actions necessary to prevent the spirits from gaining control, the preparations prior to the Invocations , and instructions on how to make the necessary instruments for the execution of these rituals.

The author of The Lesser Key of Solomon copied Pseudomonarchia Daemonum almost completely, but added demons’ descriptions, their seals and details.

and familiarize yourself with the fake and facts.

Then you have to put the key major 72 demons from king suleiman and each who have sets of legions and get to know the names,looks, shape, size, characteristics, color, position , deeds, power and what they can do , elements they can use from water, wind, earth or fire.

Then  you can apply all this knowledge to the case in hand if you have a possession case you call someone like me to save you time and headache, as not any demonologist or investigator can help you. Those people who hold a bible and holy water  and chant some prayers will not help you , it is all in the movies .If they help you they will do so for one day or few days.

As you need to know what are you dealing with , which demon , why and how it took hold of the place or the person, and before I do that I need clear record that you went and asked for a medical doctor help, psychologist as in 99% of the time the problem is psychological and medical more than demonic possession, such as psychosis, paranoia, severe anxiety,  schizophrenia ,etc.

I have a list of questions to ask you and you have to answer to cover any drug and medication you are taken or took as it is all related to your issue and it can affect the paranormal feeling. You can read my article the A TO Z of the paranormal to show the effects of drugs, EMF, Infrasound, and more.

Classification of demons

There have been various attempts throughout history by theologian  scholars in the classification of Christian demons for the purpose of understanding the biblical and mythological context  of adversarial spirits.

Theologians have written dissertations in christian demonology, and other occult and classical demons to clarify the connections between these spirits and their influence in various demons.

The study of demonology was historically used to understand morality, behavioral tendencies, and has even been used as symbolism to relay anecdotal tales in with which they lure people into temptation and may also include the angels and messengers of God  that were believed to have been their adversaries;

an idea which derived from the Biblical battle between the  angels and the Antichrist in The book of revelation 12;7-9, and also in the holy book of quran in many verses , describing a war in heaven which resulted in Satan and his angels being expelled from Heaven. Modern science called this the big bang theory.

The classifications of these fallen angels are based on many other characteristics as well, such as behaviors that caused their fall from heaven, physical appearances or the methods that were used to torment people, cause maladies, or illicit dreams, emotions, etc.

Most authors who wrote theological dissertations on the subject either truly believed in the existence of infernal spirits, or wrote as a philosophical guide to understanding an ancient perspective of behavior and morality in folklore and religious themes.

The Testament of Solomon is a work, purportedly written by King Solomon , in which the author mostly describes particular demons whom he enslaved to help build the temple , the questions he put to them about their deeds and how they could be thwarted, and their answers, which provide a kind of self-help manual against demonic activity. It is considered the oldest surviving work particularly concerned with individual demons.

Psellus’ classification of demons

 Michael Psellus prepared a classification of demons in the 11th century, which was an inspiration for the classification Francesco Maria prepared later. Psellus divided demons into Empyreal (Fiery), Aerial, Subterranean, Lucifugous (Heliophobic), Aqueous, and Terrene (Terrestrial). Just like the arabic version of those jinn of the AIR- space , WATER, FIRE AND EARTH. And my classification includes the 99 names of demons ,or demons that oppose to God power.

Lanterne of Light classification of demons.

In 1409-1410 The Lanterne of Light (an anonymous English lollard  provided a classification system based on the 7 deadly sins , with each demon tempting people by means of those  sins .This list was later used in the works of john taylor , the Water Poet. Included  ; lucifer = pride, Beelzebub = envy, Sathanas = warath , Abaddon = sloth ,  Mammon = Greed, Belphegor= Gluttony, and Asmodeus = LUST. 

My 99 names classification goes even wider than this and I will write about it in different article separately .

Alphonso Spina’s classification of demons

Alphonso Spina  In 1467, prepared a classification of demons based on several criteria: SUCH AS DEMON OF FATE, Incubi and Succubi/ lust, legion of hell demons, familiars, drudes, cambions that of demon and human, liar and mischievous demons, demons that attack saints, demons that induce old women or men to learn witchcraft and magic. he took some of the king soliman writing, Torah, talmud and kabbalah,  and mixed them with the new testament idea.

This classification is somewhat capricious and it is difficult to find a criterion for it. It seems that Spina was inspired by several legends and stories. The drudes belong to german folklore . Familiars, goblins, and other mischievous demons belong to the folklore of most European countries.

The belief in incubi and succubi (and their ability to procreate) seem to have inspired the sixth category, but it could also have been inspired in the Talmudic legend of demons having sexual intercourse with mortal women , such as Matema .

The visions of tempting demons that some early (and not so early) saints had, perhaps inspired the eighth category , e.g. the visions of Anthony Great .

The idea of old women attending Sabbaths was common during the European  middle age.

Agrippa’s classification of demons

In(1509-1510),  he proposed several classifications for demons, based on numeric scales, like his whole cosmology , many writers like Francis Barrett , in his book The magus  (1801), adopted this classification of demons. 

Scale of Unity

One Prince of Rebellion, of Angels, and darkness: LUCIFER

Scale of binary

Two chief of the devils: behemoth  , and leviathan ; found in the bible 

Scale of ternary ; ALECTO, MEGERA, CTESIPHON.


Scale of quaternary


to know each demon as i said before you have to check the marks and the evednice in the house from fire, smoke, water and humidity, dust and ador , skin mark on the body as some demons do have claws like birds legs, and some have hoof, and some have fingers .

Four Princes of spirits, upon the 4 directions 

  • Oriens: east 
  • Paymon: west
  • Egyn: north 
  • Amaymon: south 

Despite listed separately, Agrippa mentions that these groups are identical, making the first as the Hebrew equivalent of the names of the latter. The same four demons appear in the Semiphoras and Schemhamphoras.

Scale of Six

Six authors of all calamities:

  • Acteus
  • Megalesius
  • Ormenus
  • Lycus
  • Nicon
  • Mimon

Scale of novenary

Nine orders of devils:

  •  False Gods – idolaters =Beelzebub 
  • Spirits of Lying – liars= PYTHO
  •  Vessels of Iniquity – inventors of evil things= BELIAL
  • Revengers of Wickedness= ASMODEUS. he is also the demon of lust in the bible 
  •  Imitators of Miracles – evil witches and warlocks= SATAN. HE IS ACTUALLY THE SHAYTAN ( SATAN) IN THE QURAN the one who refused to listen to God and was so proud full of lies and became falling angels and the chief of all demons and fallen angels , hsi father before him was killed by archangel michael 
  • Aerial Powers – purveyors of pestilence, VIRUS = MERIHEM
  • sowers of discord= ABADDON / FURIES
  • Calumniators – inquisitors and fraudulent accusers= ASTAROTH
  • tempters , anger, and ensnares= MAMMON-MALIGENII
  • ————————

Binsfeld’s classification of demons

As part of his 1589 Treatise on Confessions by Evildoers and Witches,peter binsfeld  prepared a classification of demons known as the Princes of Hell. Like the Lanterne of Light, Binsfeld used the 7 deadly sins,as a basis, though the two schemes differ in various ways. as mentioned above in the 7 deadly sins demons.

King James’ classification of demons

king james wrote a dissertation titled Daemonologie that was first sold in 1591, several years prior to the first publication of the king james authorized version  of the Bible. Within 3 short books James wrote a dissertation in the form of a philosophical play, making arguments and comparisons between magic, sorcery, and witchcraft but wrote also his classifications of demons into 4 sections.

His classification were not based on separate demonic entities with their names, ranks, or titles taken from the torah but rather categorized them based on 4 methods used by any given devil to cause mischief or torment on a living individual or a corpse. The purpose was to relay the belief that spirits caused maladies and that magic was possible only through demonic influence.

He further quotes previous authors who state that each devil has the ability to appear in diverse shapes or forms for varying arrays of purposes as well. In his description of them, he relates that demons are under the direct supervision of God and are unable to act without permission, further illustrating how demonic forces are used as a “Rod of Correction” when men stray from the will of God and may be commissioned by witches, or magicians to conduct acts of ill will against others but will ultimately only conduct works that will end in the further glorification of God despite their attempts to do otherwise.

  • Spectra= spector= wandering spirits Used to describe spirits that trouble houses or solitary places
  • Obsession: Used to describe spirits that follow upon certain people to outwardly trouble them at various times of the day
  • possession : Used to describe spirits that enter inwardly into a person to trouble them.Jinn and falling angels.
  • Fairies : Used to describe spirits that prophesy, consort, and transport.

Sebastien Michaelis’ classification of demons

In 1613 Sebastien Michaelis   wrote a book, Admirable History, which included a classification of demons as it was told to him by the demon Berith when he was exorcising a nun, according to the author. This classification is based on the pseudo dionysian hierarchies  , according to the sins the devil tempts one to commit, and includes the demons’ adversaries (who suffered that temptation without falling). Later the church accused him of a witchcraft craft and tried to burn him to death ,some say they did and some say , he ran away and they couldn’t find him.

Note that many demons’ names are exclusively French or unknown in other catalogs. St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist are the two St. John’s to whom Michaelis refers. The other saints are cited only by their name without making clear, i.e., which Francis is mentioned (of Assisi?).

First hierarchy 

The first hierarchy  taken from the torah includes angels that were SERAPHIM,CHERUBIM AND THRONES . IN ARABIC ARE THE TAWFEEN WHO GO AROUND THE thrones , and the muqarrabeen – the one who are near, and those who carries the throne ( hamalat al arsh ) usually 4.

Before they became falling angels they supposed to be / according to Sebastien Michaelis  

  • Beelzebub was a prince of the Seraphim, just below Lucifer. Beelzebub, along with Lucifer and leviathan  , were the first three angels to fall. He tempts men with pride and is opposed by St.Francis of Assisi  
  • Leviathan was also a prince of the Seraphim who tempts people to give into heresy, and is opposed by Peter .
  • Asmodeus was also a prince of the Seraphim, burning with desire to tempt men into wantonness. He is opposed by St.John the Baptist-( yaheya)
  • Berith was a prince of the Cherubim. He tempts men to commit homicide, and to be quarrelsome, contentious, and blasphemous. He is opposed by Barnabas  .Now Barnabas was a disciple of jesus and his bible mentioned the new faith of islam and the final prophet muhammad  descended from son of ishmael son of abraham  
  • Astaroth was a prince of Thrones, who tempts men to be lazy and is opposed by Bartholomew  .
  • Verrine was also a prince of Thrones, just below Astaroth. He tempts men with impatience and is opposed by St. Dominic.
  • Gressil was the third prince of Thrones, who tempts men with impurity and is opposed by St. Bernard.
  • Sonneillon was the fourth prince of Thrones, who tempts men to hate and is opposed by St. Stephen.

Second hierarchy

The second hierarchy includes Powers, Dominions, and Virtues.

  • Carreau was a prince of Powers. He tempts men with hardness of heart and is opposed by St. Vincent .
  • Carnivale was also a prince of Powers. He tempts men to obscenity and shamelessness, and is opposed by John the evangelist 
  • Oeillet was a prince of Dominions. He tempts men to break the vow of poverty and is opposed by St. Martin.
  • Rosier was the second in the order of Dominions. He tempts men against sexual purity and is opposed by St. Basil.
  • Belias was the prince of Virtues. He tempts men with arrogance and women to be vain, raise wanton children, and gossip during mass. He is opposed by St. Francis de Paul.

Third hierarchy

The third hierarchy includes Principalities, Archangels, and Angels.

  • Verrier was the prince of Principalities. He tempts men against the vow of obedience and is opposed by St. Bernard.
  • Olivier was the prince of the Archangels. He tempts men with cruelty and mercilessness toward the poor and is opposed by St. Lawrence.
  • Luvart was the prince of Angels. At the time of Michaelis’s writing, Luvart was believed to be in the body of a Sister Madeleine.

Many of the names and ranks of these demons appear in the Sabbath litanies of witches, according to Jules Garinet’s Histoire de la magie en France, and Collin De Plancy’s Dictionnaire Infernal.

Classification by office

In the study of demonology, many spirits are classified by office, rank, or titles which theologians believe were once held in heaven before the fall, or which they currently hold in their infernal dwelling. These offices are usually elaborated in several GRIMOIRES which determines their authority in hell or abilities. Demons categorized by office are often depicted in a militant hierarchy, in which a general may hold command over some designated legion for a specialized function which they may trouble men. Other theologians have determined the classification of a spirit’s office depending on the times or locations which they roam the Earth.

The Book of Abramelin

This book possibly written in the 14th or 15th century, lists four princes of the demons: as described in many other historians and in the Torah. but he also mentioned that lucifer is different than Satan.

There are also eight sub-princes:  as described in many other lists , Under the rule of these there are many lesser demons ( legions)

Le Livre des Esperitz

Written in the 15th or 16th century, this grimoire was a likely source for Wierus hierarchy of demons, but while Wierus mentions 69 demons, Le Livre des Esperitz has only 46. Wierus omitted, however, the four demons of the cardinal points: Orient, Poymon, Avmoymon, and Equi , and the three great governors of all the other demons: Lucifer, Beelzebub,  and Satan.

The Munich Manual of Demonic Magic

Written in the 15th century, this manual includes a list of eleven demons.

Fasciculus Rerum Geomanticarum

Written in 1494, this grimoire contains a list of 37 demons.

Le Dragon Rouge (or Grand Grimoire)

Like many works of mystical nature, Le Dragon Rouge (or the Red Dragon) claims to come from Solomon and his priests and is said to be published in 1517 by Alibeck the Egyptian. However, it was most likely written in France in the 18th century.

The grimoire details the different hosts of hell and their powers, describing how to enter a pact with them to attain the magicians’ goals. The demons of hell are classified by three different tiers from Generals to Officers.

Pseudomonarchia Daemonum

Pseudomonarchia Daemonum, by Johann Weyer is a Grimoire , that contains a list of demons and the appropriate hours and rituals to conjure them in the name of God, Jesus and the Holy Ghost (simpler than those cited by The Lesser Key of Solomon below). So most of the above books and authors barrow most of the knowledge from the Torah- King solomon GRIMOIRE. 

This book was written around 1583, and lists sixty-eight demons. The demons Vassago, seir, dantalion, and andromalius  are not listed in this book. Pseudomonarchia Daemonum does not attribute seals to the demons.

The Lesser Key of Solomon

The Lesser Key of Solomon or Lemegeton Clavicula Salomonis is an anonymous 17th century grimoire, and one of the most popular books of demonology. The Lesser Key of Solomon contains detailed descriptions of Spirits and the Conjurations needed to invoke and oblige them to do the will of the conjurer (referred to as the “exorcist”).

It details the protective signs and rituals to be performed, the actions necessary to prevent the spirits from gaining control, the preparations prior to the Invocations , and instructions on how to make the necessary instruments for the execution of these rituals.

The author of The Lesser Key of Solomon copied Pseudomonarchia Daemonum almost completely, but added demons’ descriptions, their seals and details.

Dictionnaire Infernal 

The Infernal Dictionary is a book on demonology , organised in hellish hierarchies . It was written by Jacques Auguste simon collin de plancy   and first published in 1818. There were several editions of the book, but perhaps the most famous is the edition of 1863, in which sixty-nine illustrations were added to the book. These illustrations are drawings that depict the descriptions of the appearance of a number of demons. Many of these images were later used in  the lesser key of solomon books and other books.  though some of the images were removed.

The book was first published in 1818 and then divided into two volumes, with six reprints and many changes between 1818 and 1863. This book attempts to provide an account of all the knowledge concerning superstitions and demonology . 

De Plancy presented a hierarchy of demons based in modern European courts:

  • Princes and dignitaries: Beelzebub , supreme chief of the empire of hell, founder of the order of the Fly. Thats why they call him beelzebub / arabic name actually abo halq al thoban, the demon with the fly mouth .
  • Satan  or shaitan in arabic-, prince dethroned and chief of the opposition party.
  • Eurynome,prince of death, Grand Cross of the order of the Fly. 
  •  Moloch , prince of the country of tears, Grand Cross of the order.
  •  Pluton ,Prince of Fire, also Grand Cross of the order and governor of the regions in flames.
  • PAN, prince of incubi
  • LILITH , princess of succubi.
  • LEONARD, the great lord of the Sabbath, Knight of the Fly.
  • BALBERITH, great pontiff, lord of alliances.
  • PROSERPINA, archdiablesse, princess of evil spirits.

Ministers of the Office: 

 ADRAMMELECH , Grand Chancellor and Grand Cross of the Order of the Fly.

ASHTAROTH , general treasurer, Knight of the Fly.

NERGAL, chief of the secret demonic army.

 BAAL, commander in chief of the armies of Hell, Grand Cross of the Order of the Fly. HE WAS WORSHIPED BY  SOME ISRAEL AND CANAANITES, also by the babylonian and other old empires in the middleast.

 LEVIATHAN Grand Admiral, Knight of the Fly.


  •  Belfegor , demon Ambassador  incharge of France.
  • MAMMON,  of England.
  • BELIAL,  of Italy.
  • RIMMON, of Russia.
  • TAMMUZ , of Spain. tammuz also a hebrew and arabic name for the month of  August , hottest month of the year.
  • HUTGIN,  of Turkey.
  • Martinet  of Switzerland and the norlands.


  • ,lucifer,  chief of (in)justice, Knight of the Fly.
  •  ALSTOR, executor of his sentences.

House of the demons princes:

  •  VERDELET ,master of ceremonies.
  • SUCCORBENOTH , chief of the eunuchs of the seraglio.
  • CHAMOS,  Grand Chamberlain, Knight of the Fly.
  • MELCHOM,  treasurer
  • NISROCH,  chief THE CHIEFS .
  • BEHEMOTH , chief cupbearer. The arabic name for animal 
  • DAGON, grand pantler.
  • Mullin,  assistant

Secret expenses:

ROBALS,  director of theaters. when we say these jobs it doesn’t mean that this or that demon have a theatre or parking lot or an office , but it means that the demons are trying to seduce humans to forget god, forget worshiping god and prayers and focus on games, movies, gambling, sex, adultery, lies, greed, stealing, killing, anger, temptations, depression, and so on to get the human deep into trouble and away from God.

 ASMODEUS, superintendent of the gambling houses, AND LUST

NYBBAS, grand buffoon.

 charlatan and necromancer.

Alexis-Vincent-Charles Berbiguier used some of these names and ranks for the demons who tormented him, in his autobiographical work Les farfadets ou Tous les démons ne sont pas de l’autre monde (1821).

The Satanic Bible

LaVey utilized the symbolism of the Four Crown Princes of Hell in The Satanic Bible, with each chapter of the book being named after each Prince. The Book of Satan: The Infernal Diatribe, The Book of Lucifer: The Enlightenment, The Book of Belial: Mastery of the Earth, and The Book of Leviathan: The Raging Sea. This association was inspired by the demonic hierarchy from THE BOOK OF THE SACRED MAGIC OF ABRA-MELIN THE MAGA.

  • SATAN, (Hebrew) ” SHYATAN ( ARABIC), Lord of the Inferno”:

The adversary, representing opposition, the element of fire, the direction of the south, and the Sigil of Baphomet during ritual. shaytan is an arabic word mean that is taken from the fire, like the pure marej of fire and smoke.

  • LUCIFER. (Latin) “The Morning Star”: The shaytan / Satan USED TO BE CALLED THE angel of light. 

The bringer of light, representing pride and enlightenment, the element of air, the direction of the east, and candles during ritual.

  • Belial / BELIAL, (Hebrew) “Without a Master”:

The baseness of the earth, independence and self-sufficiency, the element of earth, the direction of the north, and the sword during ritual.

  • LEVIATHAN, (Hebrew) “Serpent of the Abyss”: 

The great dragon, representing primal secrecy, the element of water, the direction of the west, and the chalice during ritual.

Steve Ramsey, PhD.

Demonologist, paranormal expert, researcher , and investigator.

By Dr.Saad Al-Hashimi, PhD

Greeting from Calgary, Alberta - Canada. My name is Saad Ramzi Al-Hashimi . I am the founder and the director of the Paranormal zone- Haunting Dimensions. That deals with an investigation, debunking, and healing/cleansing. Having had many unexplainable experiences from a young age at a possible "haunted" house where plenty of things seemed to happen that I couldn’t explain, Since that time and I am looking and searching for an answer. After continuing to have many experiences that I just cannot explain, I have since become a firm believer that GHOSTS do exist. I continued for a short while as a member of a few other paranormal groups until I was very fortunate to become involved with a local fast growing organization where I felt very comfortable to start my own paranormal investigation. My best experience has been Indio California, Okotoks Alberta, Baghdad city , and many other places in Greece and North Canada. (yes I do believe spirits can hurt you so you have to be careful not to provoke or challenge a spirit ). I won’t tell you the whole story now but you are more than welcome to ask me on a ghost hunt. I am now looking forward to meeting many more people, all looking for that ‘experience’ that could possibly convince them that there is something more to life than we first thought. So please feel free to email me I have been involved in several paranormal groups over the years. Paranormal Adventures is different and exciting in ways I couldn’t possibly get before. When people ask if I believe in ghosts, I say I am a skeptical believer. I have had many encounters with spirit forms and believe what I have seen to be real and unexplainable. I always look for a normal mundane reason why at the same time. My area of expertise in the field of science. I have Ph.D. in Public Health from the USA, Master degree in Medical Ultrasound and BSc Degree in Diagnostic Imaging from Charles Sturt University Australia, BSc in Physics, and Radiology diploma from Iraq, Pharmacy diploma. Radiography diploma from London Ontario, Diploma in Natural Health from Quebec, Canada. Radiation physics from Australia, I studied the infra and ultrasound in the animal kingdom.P resented more than 20 lectures in Iraq, Greece, Germany, South Korea, Japan, Canada and I am the peer reviewer for the radiographer journal in UK, Netherlands, and South Africa. Earned the 3rd award for excellence in ultrasound - Canada 2005. I am also armature archaeologist, painter, calligrapher, and used to run acting theater play in Iraq- Baghdad, wrote, directed and acted in more than 27 plays. So debunking come naturally in my science and technology back round, and not like other debunking people around you who use Google for their search and call them self-debunkers, It doesn't work that way. In the near future, I will run live internet ghost hunts with night vision cameras giving users at home the chance to watch the spooky footage on, in my nights out. I look forward to seeing you all soon on one of our many events! I loved reading ghost stories and sitting on my own in the dark watching horror films. However. I Can decode dreams, and I see spirits in my dreams. I like to look at things from a scientific point of view and try to rule out all rational possibilities before concluding that events are paranormal. However, I do try to keep an open mind on all investigations. I started taking part in investigations since 1986; my first investigation usually any house, apartment that I move in or my friend's places. For many of my true paranormal stories you can read them at I will try to copy and move all my articles here in this site in near future. Thank you for reading and God Bless you all. Saad Ramzi Al- Hashimi, PhD. Alberta

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