Halloween stories – the history of Bloody mary legend

The history of Bloody mary legend

Bloody Mary, Bloody Mary, Bloody…even joking about the mirrored specter gives me
chills. Some say you have to mention her name 3 times and others say 7 times, but the truth is 13 times .

One of the most popular urban legends is that of Bloody Mary, the spirit of a woman who can be summoned by repeating her name thirteen times into a dimly lit mirror. For whatever reason, this practice has persisted across generations with research on the topic beginning in 1978 when Jane Langlois wrote about the “game” as she came to call it and the origins. In 2014, Italian researchers explored the science and psychology behind Bloody Mary, ultimately adding a bit of credibility to the legend. If this story is true then it essentially proves witchcraft,
ghosts, and an afterlife; a truly extraordinary claim.

A surprising number of adults will admit to at least hearing about the infamous “Bloody Mary” (or any of her variations) and the ritual to summon her at least once in their lives. If any of ese individuals are like me, the story was told at a sleepover or campfire by a friend or older peer. As with most legend the story started with “A friend of a friend” or “My cousin’s friend”, to d validity and personality to the story, attempting the ritual. Alan Dundes writes in his article. 

“Bloody Mary in the Mirror: A Ritual Reflection of Pre-Pubescent Anxiety” that most participants
are young girls at sleepovers who decide to try and summon Bloody Mary, or her alias ‘Mary
Worth as she is commonly believed to be a witch who was burned for practicing magic
(Snopes). Some modern iterations believe she is a young woman who died in a car accident, in
some stories specific lines need to be uttered, and in different regions a different image is said
to appear. Whatever the name or story the process remains the same regardless of region or
era, somebody walks into a room with a mirror and utters a phrase until an image appears
behind them

It is important to understand how legends spread, according to a Washington Post piece
it is due in part to word-of-mouth and the practicality of a concept. The word-of-mouth is
precisely what I spoke of previously, sitting around a campfire and sharing stories. In the same
way the stories of the “murderer in the backseat” or the “phone call from inside of the house”
persist in our culture we latch to stories that are told to us in an appropriate setting. The other
essential part is that the story must make sense to us or at the very least seem fun or

We discount alien abductions and flat earth because it inherently sounds ridiculous,
which whether or not we should is a different post entirely, but when we hear “a girl had a killer
in her backseat” it seems just real enough for us to go along with. A post on The Conversation
elaborates that urban legends play on our social fears and insecurities, people are afraid of
being kidnapped, murdered, and ultimately stalked by a witch’s spirit (apparently).

In concept the whole summoning ritual of Bloody Mary should result in nothing of
significance occurring. Giovanni Caputo and his colleagues found however that there is
something happening that could be responsible for the urban legend. In the article “Visual
Perception during Mirror-Gazing at One’s Own Face in Patients with Depression”,

researchers found that staring into a mirror in low light does result in seeing apparitions and distorted faces.
According to findings within neuroscience (BBC) humans have a fascination with faces, being
capable of finding a face within food, machinery, and household appliances. It therefore makes
sense that when faced with little to no stimulation the brain attempts to find a face within a dimly
lit mirror. There is actual science behind Bloody Mary, which is not what many expect and that
makes the allure of the urban legend even stronger.

If kids today are anything like me they will go into the bathroom, spin and say “Bloody
Mary” thirteen times, and then run out of the bathroom. Odds are, most will never see the
tortured woman due to their own cowardice but if someone stares into the mirror, according to
the research, a face or distortion will most likely occur. So, while nothing extraordinary seems to
have been proven from the research into the topic, neuroscience uncovered a chilling
phenomenon. Ghosts, witchcraft, and urban legends are still unproven but why not go and stare
into a mirror now that you know your brain will attempt to scare itself!

Bloody Mary Ghost Story 1

This is a very true story about you know, who? I never speak her name anymore.
That happened to me one night when my parents were away. 
My older brother dared me to do the ritual and summon her spirit and I didn’t believe it was true. So I did it thinking it would be good for a laugh afterward and I went into the bathroom turned off all the lights turned around seven times while saying your name on each turn then I stopped turning and face the mirror.
I waited in silence for something to happen. I was about to give up and leave when I heard a woman singing. I turned slowly back to the mirror and I saw her.
She has long dark brown hair that was soaked in blood. her neck looks like someone adjust the Twitter throat. I screamed instantly.
My brother started banging on the door and turning the lock. She became angry. She was smiling at first, but now she frowned and reached out to the mirror with one bloody arm and slapped me scratching me on the right side of my face and I still her nail strike so hard that I was not the floor and my head slammed against the side of the bathtub.
I was unconscious when I woke and I was in the hospital with bandages across the right side of my face. My brother was whispering apologies to me that I can barely understand.
My parents were also there as soon as I open my eyes, they rush to my side. I discovered that my brother had told him that one of my many cats had scratched me and I have fallen. I’ve been scratched by my cats before so they believe this.
On that same night. We got to call my aunt. My uncle had died at the same hour that I was attacked. I know it could just be a horrible coincidence, but I believe that she killed my uncle every story I’ve ever read that said that you only come to attack you and not your loved ones, but I don’t care what the story says.
I still think she killed my uncle. The attack was a year ago man to this day and I still can’t see out of my right eye.

Bloody Mary Ghost Story 2

She looks deep in the forest in tiny soul empty remedies for living fox living its called Bloody Mary Ghost instead she is the witch. Nobody ever dear crosses the line of the forest, As the trees withered, the fruit turned black With a fever and any number of terrible things that the angry witch could cast upon the neighbors then all of a sudden, the little girls in the village began to disappear one by one. No one can find out where they have gone in Greece truck and family search the woods the local buildings and all the houses and barns, but there was no sign of the missing girls.
Few brave souls even went to Bloody Mary’s home in the woods to see if the witch had taken the girls, but she denied any knowledge of their disappearances and still it was noted that her horrible apparent exchanged that she looks younger and more attractive and nobody knew why the neighbors were suspicious but they can find no proof that the witch had taken their young ones then came the night when the daughter of the Miller’s rolls from the bed and walk outside following an enchanting sound.
 No one else can hear fortunately for the Miller family The Miller’s wife had a toothache and was sitting up in the kitchen treating her tooth with an herbal remedy when her daughter left the house. (Bloody Mary Ghost)
Scream for her husband and father little girl outside the door.
Miller’s husband came out running in his nightshirt together. They try to restrain the girl but she kept breathing away and kept walking out of town and seemingly wanted to go inside of the Woods The Desperate cries both the Miller husband and wife woke the neighbors they came to assist the Frantic couple and suddenly Bashar by farmer gave a shout and pointed towards a strange light at the edge of the Woods.
View townsmen followed him out into the field and saw Bloody Mary just standing beside of very large oak tree holding something in her hand that was recorded the Miller House.
She was glowing with an unearthly light as she said her evil spell upon the Miller’s daughter.
The townsman grab their guns and their pitchforks and ran towards the witch when she heard the commotion Bloody Mary Brokaw for a spell and fled back deep within the woods. The farsighted farmer had loaded his gun with silver bullets in case the whichever came after his daughter. Now we took a Manish otter.  (Bloody Mary Ghost)
The bullet hit Bloody Mary Ghost in the hip and she fell to the ground. Angry townsmen left upon her and carried her back into the field where they built a huge bonfire and burn her to the stake. Ashley burned Bloody Mary Ghost  Scream the curse upon the villagers if anyone had ever mentioned her name out loud in the mirror.
She would send her spirit to Revenge upon herself for being burned at the stake for such a terrible death. When she had died the villagers then went to her house in the woods and found unmarked Graves little girls. The evil witch had murdered shed use their blood to make her young again.
From this day anyone foolish enough to Champ Bloody Mary’s name, three times before dark in the mirror will summon the vengeful spirit of the Witch.
It is said that she will tear the bodies into the pieces that she wanted to join the girls into and rip their souls from their mutilated bodies. Souls of these unfortunate ones will burn and torment is Bloody Mary once burned
They’ll be trapped forever in the mirror having to be forever reminded. of the soulless witches curse

Bloody Mary Ghost Story 3

It was a dark and rainy night and I and my sister had decided to watch some movies for the remainder of the night given the fact that we weren’t tired. There was nothing really to watch and we were kind of getting bored.
My sister then told me we play a little bit of a game. Ask her what game? I mean, we don’t really own any video game consoles. So what can possibly do board games are boring and there’s not much really to do at about close to 3 a.m. In the morning.  (Bloody Mary Ghost)
My sister said Come with me we’re going to go do something. I asked her. Well, what are we going to do? She called me said to me don’t worry just come upstairs with me.
I found my sister upstairs not knowing what was going to happen and she led me into the bathroom where we just stood there in the darkroom. She asked me.
Open the drawers at the bottom and just passing some handles.
I said what why this doesn’t make any sense? What kind of game are we supposed to play? She looked at me and she said we’re going to play the Bloody Mary game a chuckled at first, and I said you can’t be serious. Are you?
She looked at me with this cold Blank Stare and she said yes, I’m dead serious. I wasn’t really a believer in these kinds of things. So I was a bit skeptical.
Ask my sister and keep in mind we live together sir, like roommates. And so despite me living here with her. I’ve never seen her attempt in order to play this game before so I asked her. Have you played this game before Mia?
She said I’m not really. But given that it’s almost Halloween I figured that why not we can at least try and see what happens. We began to let some candles around the area and she told me to stand in front of the mirror. I didn’t really know how to play this game. So I stood in front of the mirror and ask her well boy, do we look stupid doing this? Don’t we?
He said don’t worry just look directly in the mirror. I want you to repeat after me. You going to say Bloody Mary 3 times? I said the fine shouldn’t be that much of a problem anyway.  (Bloody Mary Ghost)
I began to say her name out loud. Bloody Mary !! Bloody Mary !! but then something stopped me. I just felt this cold chill down my spine.
My sister looked at me and she said you got to say it one more time. Otherwise, it won’t work. A curiosity asks my sister well. What would happen if I say her name again?
My sister didn’t even answer the question and told me just to say her name trust me. It’s going to be fun. I’ve been redirecting my focus towards the mirror. And finally, I said her name. Nothing really happened after that. We just stood there looking as stupid as we ever would.
Turn back to my sister I said this is a stupid game. I just had to turn back around. My sister wasn’t there. Mia, I began to ask puzzle the ever so living shit out of me because she was right next to me the whole time.
all of a sudden, I felt the candles begin to blow out. And that was when I knew I was beginning to panic. I didn’t know what was going on. So I cried out Mia. Mia where are you?
I try to get out of the bathroom and the moment I touch the handle. I knew the door was locked. I started pushing and tugging but I could not get the door to unlock.
Then all of a sudden the last lit candle in the room blew out. And I found myself screaming in the dark. I was screaming for my sister was screaming for help. And then in the midst of the darkness. I heard this. giggle 
Sound like an old old woman. Mia, I cried out I didn’t get a response. I put the scrambled around the bathroom to try to figure something out. And then I felt something just touch my hair.  (Bloody Mary Ghost)
It was a hand. I knew it was a hand, but I didn’t know where it came from. I felt my hair just slowly getting lifted off my shoulder and I began to panic.
All of a sudden I realized I have my phone with me. So I turned my phone on and I quickly went to would my flashlight. I turn the flashlight app on and I was beginning to shine in the bathroom, but there was nobody there. and then my horror I looked on over into the mirror. and there she was
My sister was in the mirror. But she wasn’t in the room. She was in the mirror. She was staring right at me. Her eyes, her eyes were black as the night and she was smiling at me. with this horrible smile Mia, Mia what’s going on Mia? then
Behind my sister. I’ve noticed that there was someone there. Something there. the shadowy figure began to move and there was this old. The very shriveled up looking person behind her long gray hair.
And that’s when I realized that the person that I was looking at was indeed Bloody Mary after seeing her face. She let out this horrifying screen that shattered the mirror. And that was when I completely lost my mind I tug at the door as hard as I could and finally the door opened. The very minute I made my way out of the room.
Open the door and my sister was standing right in front of the door. She looked at me and she said Sarah what’s wrong Sarah? Come down and I was freaking out Mia. Where did you go? I saw you in the mirror.
And that’s what my sister said, Sarah. I was sleeping the entire time. What are you talking about?
I was confused and dazed out of my mind. I said you you wanted me to play Bloody Mary you brought me upstairs to play Bloody Mary. You told me to say her name three times. I saw you in the mirror and she was behind you.
To my horror. My sister grabbed me and said to me, Sarah. It wasn’t me. I was sleeping the entire time. That wasn’t me………

Bloody Mary Ghost Story  4 

It was a night time And some children were sitting near a bonfire in a forest. Often a ghost story is told in a bonfire. Then a boy named Shivam told the ghost story.
That story was about Bloody Mary Ghost after hearing that one of the boys asked Shivam is true Bloody Mary Ghost. Shivam said yes this is a real story. Another boy said How do you know. I read about it in a book Shivam said. It is said that if you want to see Bloody Mary Ghost then you have to stand in front of the mirror by lighting some candles at three o’clock in the night.  (Bloody Mary Ghost)
And three times Bloody Mary has to speak It shows you that in the mirror but it is also said that whatever it is, anyone did I this challenge it kills the bloody mary Ghost. All the children were afraid to listen to Shivam.
Then one of them, Sheena, said Oh please I do not believe these things. Ok don’t believe according to me and no one else Does not matter. No one can raise what is true. Shina said Hey guys I think we should go from here. Sheena and the rest of the children were left. Come on, Shivam, we are getting late, if we are late then mom and dad will be very angry with us.
What does Sheena think of herself, don’t know why she continues to prove herself right. Leave it Shivam By the way, tell me, have you ever tried the Bloody Mary Challenge? No, but would like to try Okay let’s go now.
After talking about this, both of them went to their homes. But throughout the road, the same Bloody Mary story was revolving in the Sham’s mind.
That night, Sham was not able to sleep, he was repeatedly thinking about Bloody Mary, and after thinking that his eyes had become completely red. “what man” His sleep Was broken he can not sleep. He got up and went to the washroom. When he was washing his hand, he thought, Why not try this Bloody Mary Challenge.
Then I will tell Shivam, And it will know whether Bloody Mary is real or fake. He said something that in this challenge candles would also burn. “What man” Now where are the candles. Sham looks for the candles in his room Even after a lot of searching, she was not getting a candle.
But when she opened the cupboard, he found a corner candle. Thank god got candles Sham said,  is it three o’clock, now I can compete at the right time in this challenge. He went to the bathroom again and lit the candle and stood in front of the mirror and said Bloody Mary !! Bloody Mary !! Bloody Mary !!.
Even after speaking Bloody Mary thrice, nothing felt strange with sham, and neither did he see any Bloody Mary. By the way, Sheena was right, she said all these things were fake Nothing like Bloody Mary. Now tomorrow I will tell all the truth to Shivam, Waste all my time Let’s go to sleep now.   (Bloody Mary Ghost)
Sham went to sleep After a while sleeping, he had many bad dreams. Because he became nervous He felt that someone was sitting near him he got very scared.
He felt much more strange around him. Then he realizes that someone has passed by him. Sham went scared after seeing a shadow passing through himself.
He had just fallen asleep, he tried hard to sleep but he did not sleep the whole night And it is morning. Woke up in the evening, went straight inside the bathroom. After entering, he had his eye on the glass which was completely broken. Hey, Why is this glass why is it broken. When Shivam saw that broken glass, he was surprised that he started having nightmares.
He was not understanding anything, what is happening to him? Then his mother calls him from outside. Sham get up early get ready you’re late for school. Yes, Mom Sham is ready for school now But still he was sacred because of getting a broken mirror.
After a while, he stopped at school by school bus. Hey, where is the Shivam?
Hey Sham how are you? Shivam said. Yes, I am ok. You are no looking ok, tell what happened? Someone said something to you.
Hey brother, this is how you are feeling a little bad. So why have you come to school, I do not feel good without you at home Sham said. After School, both of them went to their homes.
At home Shivam was thinking, After all, you have to know what is going on in Sham’s mind. Shivam went to sham’s home As soon as Shivam comes out of the house, his mother calls him. Shivam… Shivam comes here. What happened, mom
Why are you crying, mom? Sham is no more his mom said.
He was very surprised to hear the news of Shivam’s death. His body numbing to hear that news And he fainted. After regaining consciousness Shivam and his mother went to Sham’s house. Then after the death ceremony of Sham’s Still Shivam was very confused about Sham’s death

Historian SARAH GRISTWOOD  describes the ascension of Mary I as a “staggeringly bold” course of action undertaken with little chance of success. Still, she rode into London on August 3, 1553, to widespread acclaim. In the words of one contemporary chronicler, “It was said that no one could remember there ever having been public rejoicing such as this.”

Centuries later, however, the Tudor queen is remembered as one of the most reviled figures in English history: “BLOODY MARY.” This is a story of how a heroic underdog became a monarch who was then mythologized as a violent despot—despite being no bloodier than her father, Henry VIII, or other English monarchs. It’s a tale of sexism, shifting national identity and good old-fashioned propaganda, all of which coalesced to create the image of an unchecked tyrant that endures today.

Born on February 18, 1516, Mary was not the long-awaited son her parents, Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, had hoped for. But she survived infancy and grew up in the public eye as a beloved princess—at least until her teenage years, when her father’s infatuation with Anne Boleyn led him to divorce her mother and break with the Catholic Church. Declared illegitimate, downgraded from the title of “princess” to “lady,” and separated from her mother, Mary refused to acknowledge the validity of her parents’ divorce or her father’s status as head of the Church of England. It was only in 1536, after Anne’s execution and Henry’s marriage to Jane Seymour, that Mary finally agreed to her mercurial father’s terms.

Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon
Mary I’s parents, Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon PICTURE  CREDITS GOES TO /  PUBLIC DOMAIN VIA WIKIMEDIA 

Welcomed back to court, she survived Henry—and three more stepmothers—only to see her younger half-brother, Edward VI, take the throne as a Protestant reformer, adopting a stance anathema to her fervent Catholicism. When Edward died six years later, he attempted to subvert his father’s wishes by leaving the crown to Protestant cousin Lady Jane Grey, excluding those next in line—Mary and her younger half-sister, Elizabeth—from the succession. Though Mary could have sought refuge with family members in Europe, she chose to remain in England and fight for what was rightfully hers. Eluding the armies of her antagonists, she rallied support from nobles across the country and marched on London. Mary and Elizabeth rode into England’s capital side-by-side, one as a queen and the other as a queen-in-waiting.

During her five-year reign, Mary navigated the manifold challenges associated with her status as the first English queen to wear the crown in her own right, rather than as the wife of a king. She prioritized religion above all else, implementing reforms and restrictions aimed at restoring the Catholic Church’s ascendancy in England. Most controversially, she ordered 280 Protestants burned at the stake as heretics—a fact that would later cement her reputation as “Bloody Mary.”

The queen also set precedents and laid the groundwork for initiatives—among others, financial reform, exploration and naval expansion—that would be built upon by her much-lauded successor, Elizabeth I. Mary failed, however, to fulfill arguably the most important duty of any monarch: producing an heir. When she died at age 42 in 1558 of an ailment identified alternatively as uterine cancer, ovarian cysts or influenza, Elizabeth claimed the throne.


Prior to England’s break from Rome in 1534, Catholicism had dominated the realm for centuries. Henry VIII’s decision to form the Church of England proved PREDICTABLY, as evidenced by the 1536 PILGRIMAGE OF GRACE UPRISING , which found some 30,000 northerners taking up arms in protest of the dissolution of the monasteries, banning of feasts and holy days, and bloody treatment of clergy who refused to accept the new order. Under Henry’s son, the English Reformation reached NEW EXTREMES, with legislation ending the practice of Latin Mass, allowing priests to marry, and discouraging the veneration of relics and religious artifacts.

Elizabeth I and Edward VI
Mary’s younger siblings, Elizabeth (left) and Edward (right) , PICTURE CREDITS GOES TO PUBLIC DOMAIN OF WIKIMEDIA

According to Linda Porter, author of  the myth of BLOODY MARY  Edward VI “moved much faster and much further than the majority of the population wanted, … removing] a great deal that was familiar and depriving] the congregation of what many of them saw as the mystery and beauty of the experience of worship.” Protestantism, she says, was the “religion of an educated minority,” not a universally adopted doctrine. At its core, Porter and OTHER HISTORIAN  have suggested, England was still a fundamentally Catholic country when Mary took the throne.

Herself still a Catholic, Mary’s initial attempts to restore the old Church were measured, but as historian Alison Weir writes in THE CHILDREN OF HENRY THE 8TH , HE WAS A BIPOLAR AND MENTALLY SICK KING due to sephyls , grew more controversial following her marriage to Philip of Spain, at which point they were “associated in the public mind with Spanish influence.” During the first year of her reign, many prominent Protestants fled abroad ,but those who stayed behind—and persisted in publicly proclaiming their beliefs—became targets of heresy laws that carried a brutal punishment: burning at the stake.

Such a death was an undoubtedly horrific sentence. But in Tudor England, bloody punishments were the norm, with execution methods ranging from beheading to boiling; burning at the stake; and being hung, drawn and quartered. Says Porter, “They lived in a brutal age, … and it took a lot to revolt your average 16th-century citizen.”

During the early modern period, Catholics and Protestants alike believed heresy warranted the heavy sentence it carried. Mary’s most famous victim, Archbishop thomas cranmer , was preparing to enact similar policies targeting Catholics before being sidelined by Edward VI’s death. According to Gristwood, game of queens ; the woman who made 16th century europe  , “That obdurate heretics, who refused to recant, should die was an all but universal tenet.”

Book of Martyrs woodcut of Latimer and Ridley
This woodcut from John Foxe’s Book of Martyrs depicts the burnings of Hugh Latimer and Nicholas Ridley. picture credits goes to wikimedia commons 

Mary and her advisors hoped the initial spate of burnings would act as a short sharp shock ” warning errant Protestants to return to the fold of the “true” faith. In a January 1555 memorandum, the queen explained that executions should be “so used that the people might well perceive them not to be condemned without just occasion, whereby they shall both understand the truth and beware to do the like.” But Mary had grossly underestimated Protestants’ tenacity—and their willingness to die for the cause.

“In mid-16th-century Europe,” writes Porter, “the idea of respecting another person’s beliefs would have provoked incredulity. Such certainties bred oppressors and those who were willing to be sacrificed.”

All that said, inextricable from Mary’s legacy are the 280 Protestants she consigned to the flames. These executions—the main reason for her unfortunate nickname—are cited as justification for labeling her one of the most evil humans of all time is this evil queen and all her family. and even depicting her as a flesh eating zombie .” They are where we get the image of a monarch whose “raging madness” and “open tyranny,” as described by 16th-century writer Bartholomew traheron, led her to “swimmeth in the holy blood of most innocent, virtuous, and excellent personages.”

The Family of Henry VIII
Mary stands second from left in this circa 1545 painting titled The Family of Henry VIII.  credit photo to royal collection trust .

Consider, however, the following: Even though Henry VIII, Mary’s father, only had 81 people burned at the stake over the course of his 38-year reign, heresy was far from the sole charge that warranted execution in Tudor England. Estimates suggest Henry ordered the deaths of as many as 72,000 of his  subjects , he was an evil man, crazy ,mentally ill, criminal and murderer thug. including two of his wives—though it’s worth noting these figures are probably exaggerated. Edward VI had two radical Protestant Anabaptists burned at the stake during his six-year reign; in 1549, he sanctioned the suppression of the prayer book rebellion , resulting in the deaths of up to 5,500 Catholics. Mary’s successor, Elizabeth I, burned five Anabaptists at the stake during her 45-year reign; ordered the executions of around 1000 catholic rebels implicated in the Northern earls’ revolt of 1569; and had 200 catholics ,the majority of whom were Jesuit missionaries, hung, drawn and quartered as traitors.

If numbers are the main reasoning behind such sobriquets as “Bloody Mary,” then why aren’t Mary’s family members dubbed “Bloody Henry,” “Bloody Edward” and “Bloody Bess”? Why has the myth of “Bloody Mary” persisted in Great Britain’s collective imagination for so long? And what did Mary do that was so different from not only other Tudor monarchs, but kings and queens across early modern Europe?

These questions are complex and predictably fraught. But several recurring themes persist. As England’s first queen regnant, Mary faced the same challenge experienced by female rulers across the continent—namely, her councillors’ and subjects’ lack of faith in women’s ability to govern, a dilemma best summarized by contemporary Mary of Hungary : “A woman is never feared or respected as a man is, whatever is his rank. … All she can do is shoulder the responsibility for the mistakes committed by others.”

Mary and Philip
Mary and her husband, Philip II of Spain, seen in a painting by Hans Eworth, CREDIT PHOTO TO WIKIMEDIA COMMONS.  

While Mary’s gender played a pivotal role in the formation of her image—especially during her own lifetime, according to Porter—arguably the most important factor in the “Bloody Mary” moniker’s staying power was the rise of a national identity built on the rejection of Catholicism. A 1563 book by John Foxe known popularly as FOXE’S BOOK OF MARTYRS  played a pivotal role in the creation of this Protestant identity, detailing the torments suffered by men and women burned at the stake under Mary through word-of-mouth accounts, in her book  The book was very popular  during the Elizabethan era, with copies even placed in local churches alongside the Bible.


The myth of “Bloody Mary” is one mired in misconception. England’s first queen regnant was not a vindictive, violent woman, nor a pathetic, lovestruck wife who would have been better off as a nun. She was stubborn, inflexible and undoubtedly flawed, but she was also the product of her time, as incomprehensible to modern minds as our world would be to hers. She paved the way for her sister’s reign, setting precedents Elizabeth never acknowledged stemmed from her predecessor, and accomplished much in such arenas as fiscal policy, religious education and the arts.

Mary in 1544
Mary in 1544  credit to wikimedia commons. 
Antonis Mor portrait of Mary 1554

A 1554 portrait of Mary by Antonis Mor , credit to wikimedia commons. 

If she had lived longer, says Gristwood, Mary might have been able to institute the religious reforms she so strongly believed in, from a renewed emphasis on preaching, education and charity to a full reunion with Rome. But because Mary died just five years after her accession, Elizabeth inherited the throne and set England on a Protestant path. Over the centuries, most significantly in the aftermath of the glorious revolution  of 1688, Protestantism became a core component of British identity.

Mary’s reputation, says Wooding, was “very painstakingly constructed after her death [and] had extraordinary longevity because of the fundamental place that Protestant identity came to take in British identity.” Her enduring unpopularity, then, reflects a failure to properly contextualize her reign: Writes historian thomas S. freeman  , “Mary has continually been judged by the standards of the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and not surprisingly, has been found wanting.”

For all her faults, and regardless of whether one falls into the competing camps of rehabilitation or vilification, Mary The first to prove women could rule England with the same authority as men—holds a singular place in British history.

“She was an intelligent, politically adept, and resolute monarch who proved to be very much her own woman,” argues Whitelock. “Mary was the Tudor trailblazer, a political pioneer whose reign redefined the English monarchy.”

As the Bishop of Winchester observed during Mary’s December 1558 funeral sermon, “She was a King’s daughter, she was a King’s sister, she was a King’s wife. She was a Queen, and by the same title a King also.”

Send us your stories and ideas , discuss any issue to improve our knowledge and gain more insight views from the readers 
Steve Ramsey, Okotoks – Alberta .  drsteveramsey@gmail.com 

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By Dr.Steve Ramsey,PhD

Greeting from Calgary, Alberta - Canada. My name is Saad Al-Hashimi. Known as Steve Ramsey PhD, I am the founder and the director of the Paranormal zone- Haunting Dimensions. That deals with an investigation, debunking, and healing/cleansing since 1986. Having had many unexplainable experiences from a young age at a possible "haunted" house where plenty of things seemed to happen that I couldn’t explain, since that time and I am looking and searching for an answer. After continuing to have many experiences that I just cannot explain, I have since become a firm believer that GHOSTS do exist. I continued for a short while as a member of a few other paranormal groups until I was very fortunate to become involved with a local fast growing organization where I felt very comfortable to start my own paranormal investigation. My best experience has been Indio California, Okotoks Alberta, Baghdad city , and many other places in Greece and North Canada. (yes I do believe spirits can hurt you so you have to be careful not to provoke or challenge a spirit ). I won’t tell you the whole story now but you are more than welcome to ask me on a ghost hunt. I am now looking forward to meeting many more people, all looking for that ‘experience’ that could possibly convince them that there is something more to life than we first thought. So please feel free to email me drsteveramsey@gmail.com I have been involved in several paranormal groups over the years. Paranormal Adventures is different and exciting in ways I couldn’t possibly get before. When people ask if I believe in ghosts, I say I am a skeptical believer. I have had many encounters with spirit forms and believe what I have seen to be real and unexplainable. I always look for a normal mundane reason why at the same time. My area of expertise in the field of science. I have Ph.D. in Public Health from the USA, Master degree in Medical Ultrasound and BSc Degree in Diagnostic Imaging from Charles Sturt University Australia, BSc in Physics, and Radiology diploma from Iraq, Pharmacy diploma. Radiography diploma from London Ontario, Diploma in Natural Health from Quebec, Canada. Radiation physics from Australia, I studied the infra and ultrasound in the animal kingdom.P resented more than 20 lectures in Iraq, Greece, Germany, South Korea, Japan, Canada and I am the peer reviewer for the radiographer journal in UK, Netherlands, and South Africa. Earned the 3rd award for excellence in ultrasound - Canada 2005. I am also armature archaeologist, painter, calligrapher, and used to run acting theater play in Iraq- Baghdad, wrote, directed and acted in more than 27 plays. So debunking come naturally in my science and technology back round, and not like other debunking people around you who use Google for their search and call them self-debunkers, It doesn't work that way. In the near future, I will run live internet ghost hunts with night vision cameras giving users at home the chance to watch the spooky footage on, in my nights out. I look forward to seeing you all soon on one of our many events! I loved reading ghost stories and sitting on my own in the dark watching horror films. However. I Can decode dreams, and I see spirits in my dreams. I like to look at things from a scientific point of view and try to rule out all rational possibilities before concluding that events are paranormal. However, I do try to keep an open mind on all investigations. I started taking part in investigations since 1986; my first investigation usually any house, apartment that I move in or my friend's places. For many of my true paranormal stories you can read them at www.linkedin.com I will try to copy and move all my articles here in this site in near future. Thank you for reading and God Bless you all. Steve Ramsey PhD. Alberta