As in my experience for the last 36 years, that most of the paranormal incidents are more psychological, post-traumatic, behavior issues in nature, related to addiction or caused by stress, depression, and anxiety, in some cases the cause was with monoxide carbon, medications, illness, been close to high voltage lines and electromagnetic source, and so on. This is not to say that paranormal doesn’t exist, it does but it is rare and most of the time it is a personal experience, the devil and demons are part of God creation who chose not to fallow the order and fallen to this earth to destroy humanity as they blame us for their fallen and disgrace.
I do believe in God and his wide range of creation including the Angels, demons ( falling angels), Ginn (elementary spirits), plants, animal, and human spirits.
I am a paranormal researcher and investigator with more than 800 cases since 1986. Most of the cases I investigated had a psychological or personal problem. And the majority of the fake paranormal investigator is giving a bad image of the paranormal world. I experienced many paranormal events since I was 5 years old. I do believe that most of the paranormal activities do have a scientific explanation; I say most and not all.
I gathered all the important wards and terminology for your paranormal dictionary to make it easy for you to research the word and remember everything has a scientific explanation once a paranormal phenomenon it becomes normal in time.
If you look up something related to the paranormal such as ghosts, demons, spirits, Astral projection haunted houses, You will read many scientific a prove that some of the paranormal activity do realty to anxiety and Extreme paranoia
The reason why some people would get paranoid is that they would be afraid to come in contact with a being, Some say they wouldn’t want to be possessed. Their heart rate would increase, they would have minor auditory hallucinations, and their eyes would dart and could not be comfortable until it would go away and this is a typical Anxiety attack and paranoia attack.
But for some reason for some people, anything with ghosts, demons, and spirits can cause paranoia to increase at a high rate. Especially those people who suffer from the schizo-effective disorder, Anxiety disorders, paranoia, bipolar disorder, and psychosis.
People will visit a multitude of doctors, taken a variety of anti-anxiety medications, and even gone to sleep therapist all to try to control the anxiety. For some people who are tritely gifted spiritualists and those are rare to find, anxiety to those people contacts with spirit.
A; ANXIETY, It is well researched and proven that one of the main reason for most paranormal experiences is anxiety.
Spirit Anxiety feels a lot like sudden onset anxiety or adrenaline rush.
Spirit anxiety is caused by the psychic gift of clairsentience and it is often initiated by the presence of a spirit who is attempting contact with you or touch you, harm you or is trying to make you feel their presence.
When a Spirit is trying to link their energy with yours, as a sensitive, you’ll be able to feel that high vibration energy coming in and wanting to connect. Of course for the science team, this is just rubbish because they don’t have the means to measure it and prove it.
Alchemy, Amulet, Astrology, and numerology·, Aurora
Afterlife: One of the several terms used interchangeably to refer to life after death. The word “afterlife” has been used since 1615 and is generic enough to use in almost any setting and culture. Other terms include “crossing over,” “the Otherworld,” and “the other side.” Most ghost hunters avoid specific religious terms such as “heaven” when discussing ghosts, haunting, and an afterlife.
Agriglyph: An agriglyph is a large design created in a field of vegetation by pressing down parts of the growth. The term is an alternative to Crop Circles. It was introduced to reflect the higher complexity of many such anomalies.
Anomaly: Something that is out of place and unexplained. In paranormal studies, it refers to any phenomena that we cannot explain. Example: A lens flare in a photo is not an anomaly, but an orb that we cannot explain is an anomaly.
Anniversary Imprint: An imprint that usually manifests around the same time each year. See Residual Haunting.
Amulet: An object that is thought to bring good luck or have the power to protect from ghosts or spirits and ward off evil.
Apparition: The appearance of a ghost or spirit, usually taking the form of a visual image of a deceased individual in either real life or on film. However, there are apparitions based on each of the five senses. Usually visual, auditory, tactile, or olfactory apparitions appear in conjunction with each other, but occasionally only one of the senses are involved. Very rarely is the sense of taste involved.
Examples include: * Visual: The appearance of a person who was commonly associated with the area in life. * Auditory: Sounds of walking, voices, doors opening or battle are the most common types of auditory apparitions. * Olfactory: Smells or odors, such as perfume or cigar smoke, commonly associated with the area or an individual or event. * Tactile: Feeling a slight wind in a closed-off room, or a slight tug on a person’s clothing with nobody in the immediate vicinity.
Apport: A physical object that can materialize and appear at will in the presence of a medium.
Ararat Anomaly: The Ararat Anomaly is a large object (over 100 meters in length) photographed on Mount Ararat in Turkey. Some people believe it is Noah’s Ark.
Arkeology: Arkeology is the search for the physical remains of Noah’s Ark.
Asport: A physical object that a spirit teleports to another location or makes disappear.
Astral Body: The body that a person occupies during an out-of-body experience.
Astral Plane: A world that is believed to exist in our physical world.
Astral Projection: The intentional act of having the spirit leave the body, whereas an out-of-body experience will happen involuntarily. (See out of body experience).
Astrology: The theory and practice of the positions and aspects of celestial bodies in the belief that they have an influence on the course of natural earthly occurrences and human affairs.
Aura: Energy or life force surrounding all living individuals. The color of an aura can determine the mood or physical condition of an individual. Spirits can sometimes use a physical aura for energy, thereby depleting the person whose energy was taken.
Automatic Writing: Expressing subconscious thoughts or influences by doodling. This method of obtaining information from disembodied spirits is used by mediums in which the spirit takes control over the medium causing them to translate unconscious information on paper without being aware of the contents.
Automatism: An unconscious or involuntary muscular movement caused by spirits. (See automatic writing)
Autos copy: The visual hallucination or image of one’s body looking back at themselves from a position outside the body. (See out of body experience).
B: Ball Lightning:
A rare form of lightning in the shape of a glowing red ball that can last anywhere from a few seconds to several minutes. Typically associated with Thunderstorms, these spheres are thought to consist of ionized gas.
BIPOLAR, Behavioral issues
The topic of any psychological disorder and the paranormal is sort of taboo outside our community. Again we must not keep any stone unturned to find the full truth.
“It’s difficult to talk to doctors or therapists about it because you’re afraid they’re going to think, ‘yeah, you are losing your mind.’ That or they tell you that it’s a false perception due to your bipolar or borderline personality disorder, anxiety, paranoia, and other disorders.
“We’re called nut jobs for recounting these paranormal experiences, and don’t you dare mention them to your psychiatrist unless you want a stay in a psych ward complete with an ECT session or two.”
You have to know that two of the giants of psychiatry/psychology, Carl Jung, and William James, gave such experiences a lot of credence. Jung’s mother, who was depressed a good deal of the time, claimed to be visited by spirits during the night. In his memoir, Jung recounted seeing a luminous head, detached from the body, floating from her room.
Jung felt that the human psyche is “by nature religious,” and spent much of his life investigating eastern and related philosophies, which influenced his take on personal healing – individuation – as the reconciliation of opposites, the yin to the yang.
Meanwhile, William James, in his classic “The Varieties of Religious Experience,” felt that healthy-mindedness had a lot to do with “union with the divine” whereas depression was the sign of a “divided soul” that could be cured by a mystical experience. None of this sat well with Freud, who described the Catholic faith as “the enemy” and who expressed his fear of psychiatry descending into a “black tide of mud of occultism.”
Freud was understandably reacting to an age of superstition that for centuries had devalued science and had resulted in the inhumane treatment of individuals with mental illness (regarded as being justly punished by demons).
Jung and James, in the meantime, had serious misgivings about science as the new dogma, divorced from inner spiritual experience.
These days, science is bridging the gap, but it is not yet there.
Investigations into creativity and intuition point to variations in the way the brain processes information. In either endeavor, the mind arrives at conclusions that cannot be explained as the product of rational and linear thinking.
The temporal lobes and association cortices are two areas of the brain under investigation. What needs to be noted is that science sees intuition and creativity as normal behavior writ large.
Nancy Andersen of the University of Iowa explains at a psychiatric conference because we daily find ourselves dealing with novel situations, our brains are wired to be creative to a certain extent. For instance, when we have normal conversations, we are typically constructing sentences from scratch.
Conversely, too much inefficiency in our filtering and/or too much efficiency in making connections are hallmarks of an overwhelmed brain, unable to register reality. Not surprisingly, Dr. Andersen is a leading expert in schizophrenia. Likewise, manic episodes may be a sign of too much of a good (or bad) thing.
Many people mentioned that their paranormal experiences started with shadow figures in their rooms and being physically touched and just knowing when a spirit presence was nearby. These unexplained phenomena have led psychologists and investigator like me in the search for more answers; I have been a paranormal investigator for the past 40 years.
Banishing, Baphomet, Bibliomancy, Biosophy, Black magic.
C: Carbon monoxide, co, co2,
One story that came up on a talk show was about a family that had bought a house and began experiencing paranormal activity not long after moving in. Doors slamming, bed-covers being pulled off, headaches, lethargy. Pretty much anything you’d expect from a haunting. To make a long story short, it turns out they were all suffering from Carbon Monoxide poisoning, which apparently can cause vivid hallucinations in any of the senses.
If you are having constant paranormal activity in your house, be sure to have your furnace, oven, fireplace, etc… checked and install some CO alarms just in case!
Haunted Houses and Carbon Monoxide
What does carbon monoxide have to do with a haunted house?
When people contact me about a haunted house, they often say things like:· “Sometimes, when I’m in that part of the house, I get shaky, dizzy, and I feel weak all over’ “I get tightness in my chest, and I can’t catch my breath “I’m okay during the day, but at night — especially when it’s cold out — it’s like something floats into my room through the bedroom window, and I can’t breathe.”
· “The baby gets fussy in that room and seems to be looking at something that I don’t see, and the dog won’t go in there, ever.” · “I’m fine all day, but at night, when we close up the house and go to bed, I get headaches, it feels really stuffy in the room, and sometimes I feel kind of sick. I always have to get up and open the window, just to feel the breeze. About an hour or two later, around midnight, everything’s fine again.”
Well, those “symptoms” of haunting can be caused by carbon monoxide poisoning. That’s why carbon monoxide is now the first thing to check in a house that might be haunted. This is especially true if the ghosts started to be a problem when the house was sealed up for the winter, or — in warm climates — for the summer.
Before you do anything else you have to Check the carbon monoxide levels at the possibly-haunted site. Carbon monoxide is nicknamed “the silent killer.” Pets and children often react to it first. Carbon monoxide (CO), also called carbon monoxide, is a colorless, odorless and tasteless gas. It is highly toxic to humans and animals in higher quantities. It can come from a variety of sources, including gas appliances, wood stoves, car exhaust, blocked flues, and even cigarette smoke.
Some people are more sensitive to carbon monoxide and may show symptoms before others do. Any of the following symptoms may indicate high levels of carbon monoxide.
Headaches, A tight sensation in the chest,·Nausea, Shortness of breath, · Vomiting, Dizziness, Fatigue.· A feeling of weakness.· Confusion or disorientation.· Visual disturbances.· Fainting and seizures.·Flu symptoms.·
Infants may be irritable. Pets can avoid certain areas.
For example, if a nearby neighbor has a wood stove and you (or the client) sleep with your window open, elevated carbon monoxide could explain some “symptoms” of a haunting. If you regularly investigate haunted sites, be sure your home has very low levels of carbon monoxide, too. If you’ve been sensitized to the gas, even low levels might trigger your symptoms at a “haunted” site. It could happen. Rule this out, immediately.
When you’re investigating a potentially haunted house and any symptoms match the warning list, carbon monoxide levels must be checked first.
Channeling: In this modern day method of spirit communication, a spirit will pass information directly to a medium or channeler who will then relay the information on to the listener(s).
Clairaudience: An auditory form of ESP paranormal information is received outside the range of normal perception through voices, whispers and auditory impressions.
Clairsentience: A general term for clairvoyance and clairaudience. Clairsentience typically occurs in the form of ESP through physical sensations or smells.
Clairvoyance: An acute insight or perceptiveness that enables you to see objects or events that cannot be perceived by the senses in the form of mental imagery and intuition. (See ESP)
D: Dehydration. Dementia, Drugs
Severe dehydration is known medically as hyponatremia and is becoming recognized as a more common problem than previously thought. We can probably thank all that “drink before you’re thirsty” advice. I know one doctor who is convinced that the popularity of Camelback-type hydration systems has caused a relative epidemic of hyponatremia in the American southwest.
Blind people may experience visual hallucinations and some people who are losing their hearing experience aural hallucinations. One common factor with many types of hallucinations is that the brain seems to be deprived of input and kind of up-regulated in an attempt to achieve homeostasis.
If you ask anybody who has ever worked in the Search and Rescue in a desert two things, in particular, you need to know:
(1) The first thing that goes, when you begin to become dehydrated, is your judgment about what might be wrong, whether anything is wrong, and what you should do about it. This is why prevention is so important: you don’t want to ever get near that bad judgment zone. Confusion to delusion is a shorter time frame than you might think.
(2) If you think you might be dehydrated, consider the possibility also that your overall electrolyte balance may be deranged. Water may not be the best answer — the condition of having too much water in your system (hyponatremia) presents so similarly to dehydration that sometimes first respondents can’t tell the difference. Instead of water, try V-juice or chicken soup, both of which add sodium and potassium in addition to water. (Some exercise drinks help, some don’t so much.) The effect of re-balancing electrolytes can feel like somebody just flipped a switch and turned your brain back on.
Dematerialization: This word is used to describe a spirit or specter meaning to deprive of or lose apparent physical substance or in simpler terms, without flesh.
Déjàvu: An impression or dull familiarity of having seen or experienced something before.
Demon: An inferior deity often spoken of in religious text as pure evil. Historically, this term has included deceased individuals. However, since the early 18th century, it usually refers to an evil spirit, sometimes more powerful than man, but less than Deity. Today, we generally do not use this term to indicate a deceased human being. The female demon, very rarely mentioned, is a kind of incubus and many other varieties
Direct Voice Phenomenon (DVP):
An auditory “spirit” voice that is spoken directly to the sitters at a séance.
Dice Test: An experimental test in which a subject attempts to influence the fall of dice. This study is used for the investigation of psychokinesis.
Doppelganger: A ghost of the present that looks identical to a living person but behaves differently.
Dowsing: Interpreting the motions of rods, sticks, pendulums, and other such instruments to obtain information (also called divining).
Dream Communication: Experience in which the departed individual (spirit) can manifest in the form of a dream in order to communicate with the living. Usually associated with the very recent death of the individual attempting to make contact in order to inform the dreamer of his or her death.
Depression medications and some psychotic drugs can lead you to experience paranormal events.
E: Epilepsy, Electricity, Electromagnetic and the paranormal.
A LOT OF CONTROVERSIES APPEAR REGARDING TEMPORAL LOBE EPILEPSY regarding the paranormal you can read a lot of these research papers such as a search for the book and research paper and you will read many of them.
TEMPORAL LOBE EPILEPSY; DÉJÀVU; THE SELF; MEMORY; THE HUMAN BRAIN. These results support the hypothesis that mystical or paranormal experiences are associated with transient electrical foci within the temporal lobe of the human brain. The repeated occurrence of these experiences within normal individuals may be embedded within a more complex symptomatically of temporal lobe signs. You can search there terms Exorcism
EMF Detector: An instrument for measuring the magnitude and direction of a magnetic field typically used by paranormal researchers to detect a ghost’s magnetic energy.
Entity: A conscious, interactive ghost, Any being, including people and ghosts.
Epicenter: Person or persons that a poltergeist or haunting tends to focus on. Paranormal phenomena usually increase when the epicenter is present.
ESP: Extrasensory perception. Most individuals have this ability, although it can be dormant their entire life, In many cases, a traumatic event may allow a percipient to actually communicate with the spirit of a dead individual.
Enteric Body: A layer of the physical body, mimicking its design, but composed entirely of energy.
Evil Spirit: A shape-shifting non-human spirit that usually appears after being summoned, either with an Ouija board or through satanic worship. It can appear as a monster or may disguise itself as a friendly spirit, but it is dangerous and seeks to harm and cause destruction.
EVP: Electronic Voice Phenomena (EVP) refers to voices that appear on recording devices (such as tape recorders) with no apparent source. The voices are often not understandable or audible without changing the speed of the playback.
F: Frequency – Infrasound, Ghost frequency.
The research in this field is well known and credible of the relationship especially in the infrasound frequency effect on the eyes and hearing.
Infrasound processing by the auditory pathway
An f MRI study by Dommes et al. offers additional insight into infrasound responses in humans. When presented with tones of 12 Hz at 110 and 120 dB SPL, the subjects showed bilateral activation in the primary and secondary auditory cortices (superior temporal gyrus, Brodmann’s Area 41, 42, 22). The subjects were also exposed to tones in the human audible frequency range, 500 Hz at 105 dB SPL and 48 Hz at 100 dB SPL. The cortical sites activated for all these frequencies were similar, suggesting that infrasound can have a major impact on brain activation via the auditory pathway. When the 12 Hz tone was reduced to 90 dB SPL, the auditory cortex showed no significant activity, except in one subject. This observation supports the idea of inter-individual differences in low-frequency sensitivity.
Letter F also stands for faith and the faith-related on paranormal healing; Faith in paranormal cures has always been the last hope for many sufferers from chronic or incurable diseases. Magic-religious rituals of healing are still around, but some have been replaced by pseudo-scientific systems, thinly disguising old superstitions in new obscurantism, more appealing to the half-educated. in medical quackery, inventiveness seems to be limitless, and only the main paranormal healing systems can be reviewed here. Familiar spirit· Feri Tradition· Folk Magic· Fortune-telling
False Awakening: The event in which a person believes they are awake but are actually dreaming.
Faeries: Usually, this means beings that live in the Otherworld or Underworld, parallel to our world and not far from it. Many people who readily accept the reality of ghosts don’t believe in faeries.
Faustus, Doctor Johann: (b. circa 1455, d. 1540) Scholar, physician and alchemist from Wittenberg, Germany, who was renown for his proficiency in treating victims of the plague contagion (to which the Doctor seemed strangely resistant), and the basis for the stories by Johann Wolfgang Goethe and Christopher Marlowe about a learned man who sold his soul to the devil through his infernal agent Mephistopheles in exchange for “four and twenty years” of knowledge, youth and power.
Fetch A spectral double of a living person. See also: Doppelganger and Wraith
G =Geometry, EARTH VORTEX, AND PARANORMAL The literature is full of research about this subject. See also Vortex. ALSO, READ and search these words = you can also search Geomancy· Geomantic figures· Gnosis· Goetia· Gray logic· Greater Magic and Lesser Magic ·Grimoire
Ghost Lights: These have been sighted all over the world and in many cultures. They are mysterious lights, seen at a distance, usually appearing as blue or yellow spheres, which can appear to blink. Some reports liken them to a bobbing candle flame. This phenomenon is also known by its Latin name ignis fatuus, or “foolish flame,” because anyone attempting to follow or catch one of these lights is thought to place himself or herself in mortal danger. Skeptics attribute it to swamp gas, magnetism, or electricity. Ghost lights have been reported for centuries and were once known as “will-of-the-wisp,” an omen of death representing the ghost of a sinner condemned to wander the earth forever.
Ghoul: A grotesque, flesh-eating demon that robs graves to satisfy its evil hunger for the recently buried. It has its origins in Arabic folklore and is best known today as the living dead, a reanimated corpse inhabited by evil spirits. Ghouls are rumored to live near graveyards and are nocturnal; some believe they are vampires that have degenerated into inarticulate and ravenous automatons, robbed of free will, intelligent thought, or the ability to feel pain. They are commonly described as having long arms, sunken gray faces, bulging eyes, and sharp teeth and nails.
H: HYPNOSIS AND PARANORMAL. Literature is full of the effect of hypnosis on paranormal feelings.
The Dissociation Disorders Interview Schedule was administered to a random sample of 502 adults in the general population of Winnipeg, a Midwestern Canadian city. Results showed that paranormal/extrasensory experiences were common in the general population. They were linked to a history of childhood trauma and to other dissociation symptom clusters. A factor analysis of the paranormal experiences identified three factors which together accounted for 44.0% of the combined variance of the scores.
Harbinger: A ghost of the future that brings warning of impending events.
Hallucination: The perception of sights and sounds that are not actually present.
Hellhound / Black Shuck: A spectral death omen in the form of a ghostly dog.
Hypnosis: A technique that induces a sleep-like state in which the subject acts only on external suggestion.
Haunting: Any repeated appearance of phenomena commonly associated with ghosts, spirits, or poltergeists. Usually a combination of cold spots, apparitions, missing objects, and other forms of paranormal activity that tend to be witnessed by more than one person over an extended period of time.
Hoax: A restaged or preplanned series of events to give the impression that something paranormal has been occurring in any given place. Usually made by people who wish to draw attention to themselves or to debunk or test ghost hunters and parapsychologists.
Hot Reading: A devious or fraudulent reading in which the reader has been given prior knowledge of the sitter.
Hot Spot: A site within a haunted location where the activity is prominent and/or energy fields are focused.
Ignis fatuus: A phosphorescent or spectral light that that is alleged to be an indication of death. This phenomenon is thought to be caused by spontaneous combustion of gases emitted by rotting organic matter.
J: Freud and Jung wrote and discussed the connection between religion and the paranormal. Those two psychiatrists pioneers had lots to say about this subject so read their books carefully as they contradict each other.
Look for the word Juj
K: Kirlian Photography is a photographic technique that involves shooting a high voltage charge through an object that is connected to a photographic plate. The resulting image typically includes a colored “aura” around the object.
There is perhaps no type of photography so shot through with mystery and rumor as Kirlian Photography. Accidentally discovered by Mr. and Mrs. Kirlian in 1939, this photographic technique has a long history of association with New Age metaphysics and the theory of “auras”. To this day, a variety of mystical and healing practices label themselves “Kirlian” – even if they have nothing to do with the original photographic technique. Separating the truth of Kirlian photography from the myth is not a simple task; as is so often the case, scientists believe the whole thing has been debunked, while believers are quick to point out flaws in the experiments while offering scientific-sounding explanations of their own.
The Kirlian Myth
The Kirlian’s themselves suggested that the auras, in fact, represented the “life force” of the object being photographed. The idea is that all living things emit an invisible aura, which the high voltage charge makes visible to the camera. A couple of well-known experiments involving plant leaves seem to support this theory. In one, a leaf is photographed over several days as it dies. The aura is large and intense in the first and grows steadily fainter and its “life force” vanishes. In another, the leaf is torn and then immediately photographed. The ‘aura’ of the missing section is still visible in the photograph, even though it is no longer physically present.
The Kirlian Myth really took off during the Seventies in the United State, when its peculiar blend of scientific discovery and metaphysical implications captured the attention of New Age practitioners. It was popularized by a 1970 book called Psychic Discoveries Behind the Iron Curtain (which incidentally won that year’s Most Awesome Title award). The Psychologist Dr. Thelma Moss of UCLA explored implications of Kirlian effects during that decade. It was in her laboratory that the most famous Kirlian photographs were shot: they appear as the album art of George Harrison’s 1973 album Living in the Material World.
Sadly for us, we no longer live in the psychedelic seventies, and as a result, the credibility of the Kirlian Myth has taken a hit. Scientists today generally believe that physical phenomena, rather than life forces, best explain the Kirlian effect. They point out that even inanimate objects appear to have auras, and point to methodological errors in the “torn leaf” experiment. No one denies that these auras really do appear, but scientists believe that he or she reveals water molecules surrounding the object. This explains the diminishing aura as the leaf dries out in the first experiment.
K2 Meter: A K2 meter picks up on the energy fields that spirits disturb when they are present in the environment. Letter K also for kinetic energy, you can search n this subject, it is well known.
L: Lithium compounds, also known as lithium salts, are primarily used as a psychiatric medication. This includes the treatment of a major depressive disorder that does not improve following the use of other antidepressants, and bipolar disorder. This drug can lead to paranormal feelings and experiences. or any of those drugs that start with the Lette
Levitation: To lift or raise a physical object in apparent defiance of gravity.
Life Review: A flashback of a person’s life that is typically associated with near-death experiences.
Lucid Dreaming: A dream state in which one is conscious enough to recognize that one is in the dream state and is then able to control dream events.
M: SEE MAGNETIC AND ELECTROMAGNETIC EFFECT ON PARANORMAL, many search papers on this subject. Manic depression, Mold in a house and the effect on paranormal feeling,
Search under letter M these words = Magic (paranormal)· Magic circle· Magic word· Magical formula· · Maleficarum (sorcery)· Mathers table, Mediumship· Merkabah· Mesmerism· Methods of Divination· Mojo Mystery religion·Mysticism· Myth.
Magnetosphere: The magnetic field surrounding the earth.
Manifestation: The tangible signs of a haunting, including tactile, auditory, olfactory, and visual. These can be measured in an investigation and can be used to support the evidence that a place is indeed haunted. (See also Apparition)
Materialization: The act of forming something solid from the air. One of the most difficult and impressive materialization is when part or all of a ghost or spirit can be seen, especially if the face is recognizable.
Medium: A person who channels a spirit, or through whom a spirit or entity communicates. Someone who professes to be able to communicate with spirits on behalf of another living being, acting as a midway point halfway between the worlds of the living and the dead.
N: NEUROLOGY, PART OF KABBALAH AND JEWISH MAGIC NUMBERS. You can search many articles about this subject. and bout these words; Nagual·Necromancy· NNecron Comicon·Neodruidism· NeopaganismNeoplatonism· Neotantra· Nephilim New Age New thought·Nosferatu· Nuit· Numerology
Nanteos Cup: During the Reformation in the 1520s, when King Henry VIII ordered the closing and destruction of England’s Catholic monasteries, the monks of Glastonbury Abbey bequeathed a small, unassuming vessel made of olive wood to the stewardship of a certain family in Wales, saying only that it was their greatest treasure. The remnant of this bowl is now in the keeping of the last living member of this family. Many believe this to be the actual ‘Holy Grail,’ the cup of which Christ partook at the Last Supper, and which, the legend tells us, was conveyed to Cornwall in A.D. 37 by Joseph of Arimathea (who, as a prosperous tin merchant, would have been familiar with this trade route). Healing has been attributed to the Nanteos Cup.
Nazca Lines: In the Nazca Valley of southern Peru are etched enormous tracings of figures of a club-wielding man, a splendid spider, a horse, a duck, and other figures. Estimated to have been painstakingly etched into the rocky soul more than a millennium ago, these enigmatic representations can be beheld in their entirety only from an aerial viewpoint (by ancient, sub-equatorial balloonists. perhaps?).
Near Death Experience (NDE): An experience that is reported by people who clinically die, or come close to actual death and are revived. These events often include encounters with spirit guides, seeing dead relatives or friends, life review, out-of-body Experiences (OBE), or a moment of decision where they are able to decide or are told to turn back.
Necromancy: Interacting with the dead, particularly for the purpose of communicating or resurrection. Necronomicon: A grimoire (that is, collection) of ancient sigils and incantations of nebulous origins, discovered in the 8th century by the Arabic magic scholar ” Abdul Hazarded, said to be capable of opening a chasm to the “Dead Dimension” and unleashing the wrathful power of the timeless “Elder demons.” Although some occultists believe this tome to be at least derived from genuine (and nefarious) sources, we are fairly confident that it sprang from the fiction of Providence, Rhode Island-born horror author, Howard Phillips (H.P.) Lovecraft (b. 1890, d. 1937). there are only 4 books in the world and I have one, I obtain my copy when I was in Germany as it was stolen by the Nazi who were collecting all these artifacts and stolen many relics from around the world.
Nexus: The transitional, or joining point connecting physical matter (which, in a sense, is energy condensed) and pure energy, and containing properties of both definites, i.e. the physical brain producing a mind through its network of dendrites and firing axioms’, or the body’s connection to the spirit. The concept of the Nexus is the basis for much conjecture and postulating.
O: Out of body experience. Some people claim that they have experienced out-of-body experiences—aka “astral trips”—floating outside of their bodies and watching themselves from the outside.
SO IS IT REAL OR NOT?
It is real in the sense that she’s actually experiencing it. The brain scans show that she’s going through what she’s claiming. But that doesn’t mean that her “soul” is getting out of her body. This is not an astral trip, like those described by mystics. there’s no paranormal activity of any kind.
Perhaps out-of-body experiences may end up being like synaesthesia, a neurological phenomenon that was largely ignored during the mid-20th century. Synaesthesia—which makes some people to automatically see colors in their brain when they read or hear letters, numbers, and words—is now accepted, studied and understood.
Letter O also stands for the ORBS. 99% of orbs was proven by science to be a fraud and an illusion and artifacts of dust particles and other air particles. Search these words under letter O = Obeah and Oanga· Occultism· Omen· Oracle· Ouija The Ouija board has extensive reviews in many research papers and so many books and movies were based on the phenomenon. Orbs: Translucent spheres of light which hover above the ground and dart erratically through the air. Many believe that ghosts prefer to take on an orb shape, as it requires less energy than other apparitions. They differ from ghost lights in that photographed ghost scenes show orbs as spherical lights (rather than a flickering flame), some with a nucleus, others transparent. If moving fast, a trail of light may appear to emanate from the sphere. A photographed anomaly that theoretically represents the “spirit” of a deceased person. It will appear as a ball of light on film though is some cases; they are not seen at the time of the photo. Since there are many reasonable circumstances (dust, snow, rain, insects, reflection, lens flare, etc.) orbs still remain a highly controversial subject.
Old Hag Syndrome: A nocturnal phenomena that involve a feeling of immobilization, suffocation, odd smells and feelings and is sometimes accompanied by my immense fear (See Sleep Paralysis).
P: Paranoia and the paranormal. The Google search full of scientific a prove on this subject. You can also read and search these words =Paganism· Palmistry· Pentacle· Penuel· Planetary hours· Power Animal· Pow-wow (folk magic) Psionics· Psychics· Psychonautics· Pyramid power
Paranormal: Anything out of the normal range of explanation. The term is usually used in conjunction with ghosts, UFO’s, and other phenomena that cannot be explained by traditional scientific theories and hypothesis.
Parapsychology: The study of mental abilities and effects outside the usual realm of psychology. Parapsychology includes the study of ESP, ghosts, luck, psychokinesis, and other paranormal phenomena.
Pendulum: A small weight at the end of a cord or chain that is usually about six to ten inches long. The movement of the weight, when uninfluenced by other factors, can be used to detect areas of paranormal energy.
Percipient: An individual involved with or observing a paranormal event.
Phantom Animals: Many corporeal ghosts take the form of animals rather than humans. It may be the benign spirit of a loved pet or faithful companion which appears to its master and is often seen performing a habitual act, such as lying in front of the fire or waiting by the front door. However, there are many sightings of strange and malevolent beasts such as ghostly black dogs, phantom birds, or horses.
Poltergeist: German for “noisy ghost.” A paranormal manifestation that is generally centered around an individual (usually an adolescent going through puberty) in which objects disappear or are thrown about. The individual the phenomenon is centered around is called the epicenter. There is very little communication between the spirit and the epicenter, and many researchers believe that the cause of the poltergeist is actually a latent telekinetic ability rather than an actual spirit.
Portal: A theoretical doorway of energy, through which spirits may be able to enter or exit a location.
Possessed Objects: Inanimate objects that move, change appearance, or make noise. Sometimes an episode occurs while a person is watching, or they return to find that a disturbance has taken place while they were away. They include vehicles such as ghost ships or phantom trains heard bumping along tracks that were removed many years earlier. This phenomenon is often associated with the influence of a ghost that is emotionally attached to a place or object and may be showing anger or disapproval of how the present-day occupants or owners have changed it. Ghost vehicles are often linked to a fatal accident.
Premonition: A psychic awareness of future events, often with a negative outcome.
Primary Readings: The initial measurements of energy taken at a haunted location, used for establishing an investigation’s direction.
Psionics: The use of physical tools to assist in accessing or interpreting one’s ESP.
Psychic Impression: A form of idea or message that a percipient may encounter an area, a person, or an event. Usually associated with precognition, retrocognition, or psychometry.
Rune casting, you can search the words and read more about them. Radio Voice Phenomenon (RVP): Receiving the voice of a deceased human being through a regular radio. Reciprocal Apparition: An extremely rare type of spirit phenomenon in which both the agent and percipient are able to see and respond to each other.
Remote Viewing: Used by some psychics, this is a procedure in which the percipient or psychic attempts to become physically aware of the experience of an agent who is at a distant, unknown location through ESP.
Residual energy: Many ghost hunters believe that emotionally charged events leave an imprint or energy residue on the physical objects nearby.
What distinguishes residual energy from an active haunting is that the energy/impressions repeat consistently, as if on a loop. The energy levels may increase or decrease, but the content remains the same with each manifestation.
By contrast, in what we term an active haunting, the ghost may respond to environmental stimuli and direct contact.
Residual Haunting: This is the playback of a past event, trapped in a continuous loop. It is often associated with past events involving great trauma and tragedy. A person is seen or heard performing a repetitive action—walking down a flight of stairs, crossing a garden, screaming in agony—at the same time or place and by many different independent witnesses. Researchers believe that it is possible for certain building materials to retain the energy of an event, and “record” it electromagnetically in a similar way to modern video or audio tape, and then replay the eerie fragment when the atmospheric conditions are right, or when a person who is especially sensitive to its bizarre energy passes by.
Retrocognition: Seeing or knowing activity from the past using ESP. An experience in which a person finds themselves in the past and is able to see and experience events in which they had no prior knowledge.
Revenant: An entity that comes back only a few times after death.
Seance: A meeting of individuals in order to contact the spirit of a deceased loved one or other person (usually consisting of a medium, assistants, loved ones of the departed, or other interested individuals). Many séances were exposed as hoaxes in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
Shadow Ghosts: Easily confused with normal shadows, these dark ghostly apparitions are often spotted at a distance or in peripheral vision, and are between two and ten feet long. They are often experienced as a small darting essence in the corner of the eye, or as a larger and more menacing humanoid presence.
Simulacra: This is a word used to describe the seeing of faces, figures, and images in an ordinary, everyday object such as rocks, foliage, etc.
Sparkles: A visual effect described as the sparkle of embers falling immediately after a fireworks display. These small, sparkling lights usually occur no closer to the camera than ten feet. They are often 20 to 50 feet away, or more. Sparkles are seen during and especially immediately after the flash on a camera is used.
Even the most vivid sparkles will not show up on film. (If they do, check for dust or insects.) Sparkles are paranormal phenomena.”Sparkles” is a proprietary term developed in the 1990s by Fiona Broome during research for Hollow Hill. Other researchers have adopted the term to describe this unique phenomenon.
Specter: A ghostly apparition; a phantom (See Ghost).
Spike: A sudden and unexplained jump on an Electro Magnetic Field Detector (EMF) causing it to quickly rise and fall or “peg” the meter.
Spirit: The actual consciousness or soul of an individual that has passed on and continues to be observed in an area. There are four main reasons that spirits exist: (1) The person does not realize that he or she is dead; (2) there is unfinished business or an unkept promise after death; (3) the spirit is simply saying goodbye to a loved one; and (4) the spirit has returned to offer advice.
Spirit Box: A device used for contacting spirits through the use of radio frequency. These devices or so-called Spirit box is also known as Ghost Box or Frank’s box are used as an electronic medium for the purpose of direct communication with a spirit.
Spiritualism: The belief system that the dead are able to communicate with the living, through an intermediary or medium. Belief in a spiritual world and/or the ability to communicate with spirits of the dead. Spiritualists: spiritualists believe in communicating with the spirits of discarnate humans. They believe that spirit mediums are humans gifted to do this, often through séances. Anyone may become a medium through study and practice
Stigmata: Unexplained bodily marks, sores, or sensations of pain corresponding in location to the crucifixion wounds of Christ.
Subjective Apparitions: Hallucinations of apparitions or other phenomena that are created by our own minds.Supernatural: Of or relating to existence outside the natural world. As opposed to paranormal, the term “supernatural” often connotes divine or demonic intervention.
Synchronicity: The product of numerous, seemingly unrelated variables joining to create a common event or remarkable “coincidence.”
Sugar ( glucose) and the lack of it in the blood = hypoglycemia s one of the paranormal cause in some cases. You have to know that Hypoglycemia can cause
Irritability, Anxiety, Nervousness, Sudden fatigue, Cold sweats, Shaking
Inability to concentrate, Heart Palpitations. When you have Anxiety you will have a paranormal experience with sound and vision, dreams, seen and hearing things.
During the night hypoglycemia can prevent sleep. Some hypoglycemics may use a glucometer to measure their blood sugar and adjust their diet as necessary. This is a good tool to judge whether or not dietary changes or modifications in your supplement regimen are working.
T; Tarot Cards: A set of (usually 72) cards that include 22 cards representing virtues and vices, death and fortune etc. used by fortunetellers to help predict future events.
Telekinesis: The ability to control one’s physical environment without using physical manipulation or force (also known as psychokinesis, TK, or PK.
Telepathy: The process by which a mind can communicate directly with another without using normal, physical interaction or ordinary sensory perception.
Teleportation: A method of transportation in which matter or information is dematerialized, usually instantaneously, at one point and recreated at another.
Thought Form: An apparition produced solely by the power of the human mind.
Trance: A hypnotic, cataleptic, or ecstatic state in which one becomes detached from their physical surroundings.
U: UFO: a well-researched phenomenon
UFO is an acronym for Unidentified Flying Object, designating any airborne object that does not fit known descriptions of existing aircraft.
V: Vortex – Geometry of earth and the paranormal. Vodun, VOODOO, VAMPIRE,· Ya sang. YAZIDI CULTURE OF THE DEVIL
Sedona is the virtual center of Arizona. Many have claimed so, but no one has demonstrated THE SEDONA EFFECT to a scientific standard until now. Proof of Sedona Vortex / Brainwave EEG synchronization can be demonstrated with portable equipment on site in the field, during sudden magnetic events. Previously, we have demonstrated magnetic anomaly charts recorded in both known and unrecognized Vortex activity locations. We have also shown a correlation or amplification of vortex phenomena with Schumann Resonance (2005, Lonetree & Miller). Adding the third measurable parameter of brain wave activity, we demonstrate resonance and amplification among them. We suggest tiny magnetic crystals, biogenic magnetite, makes the human being highly sensitive to ELF field fluctuations. Biological Magnetite could act as a transducer of both low-frequency magnetic fields and RF fields. Further studies in magnetoreception may reveal new mechanisms. Questions remain 1). what is the nature of magnetic sensory cells? 2). By what physical mechanism is the external magnetic field coupled into the organism (reception)?
3). How sensitive is the mechanism to small changes in the magnetic field (detection threshold)? 4). what physical mechanisms or chemical pathways convert the received magnetic energy into a nervous signal (transduction)?
One of the current theories in paranormal investigation is that certain types of weather conditions may enhance paranormal activity. So, is it possible that cold or rain could affect the activity of a paranormal investigation?
The American Heritage dictionary defines weather as “the state of the atmosphere at a given time and place, with respect to variables such as temperature, moisture, wind velocity, and barometric pressure.”
The Law of Conservation of Energy states that energy cannot be created nor destroyed. Energy can, however, be transferred from one place to another and from one form to another. Weather (and the changes in it) is caused by a transfer of energy. The earth is constantly keeping a balance between the solar radiation energy coming through the atmosphere from the sun, and what is bouncing off the earth and back out into space. If paranormal entities use energy to manifest, then it seems reasonable to think that fluctuations in weather conditions (i.e., fluctuations in energy) could potentially affect the level of paranormal activity at a location.
For example, temperature and barometric pressure are both methods of quantifying the energy of molecules in the air at any one time. Temperature is the measurement of the average speed of air molecules: as the average kinetic energy of the air molecules increases, temperature increases. Similarly, barometric pressure, or air pressure, is the result of molecules in the air colliding. When these molecules run into each other (kinetic energy), electrons are transferred and electromagnetic energy is created. The more rapidly the molecules collide with each other and other objects, the higher the air pressure.
In theory, the energy involved in these two processes could influence the energy potentially available to a paranormal entity. Recording the current temperature and barometric pressure reading at the site of your investigation may help you see patterns in activity in relation to these types of weather conditions. However, be aware that changes in air pressure affect some people physically: many people get mild headaches, migraines, or worsening arthritis pain from these changes. These physical symptoms could be mistaken for signs of paranormal activity affecting an investigator or client.
This exchange of energy may explain some investigators’ observations of increased paranormal activity during storms. Humidity can also help offer a natural explanation for potential activity.
Rooms that people feel uneasy in (especially in basements) should be checked for high humidity. This could indicate the presence of mold which could be causing headaches, dizziness, and nausea. If the mold is toxic, symptoms can be much worse and include depression, memory problems, rashes, and respiratory issues. There are accurate and fairly inexpensive wireless thermometer/hygrometers available that can be used to measure temperature and humidity.
Besides making investigating more difficult because of noise contamination, wind could possibly influence paranormal activity. Wind is created by a difference in pressure systems causing air to accelerate from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure, transferring energy from one place to another. Strong winds indicate a significant pressure difference between air masses of different densities, which is why strong winds will usually accompany strong storms. Again, if paranormal activity is related to energy, this movement of energy could create a swing in the paranormal activity at a location.
Thunderstorms are frequently cited for enhancing paranormal activity. They may make the whole investigation creepier, but could they actually enhance paranormal activity? Lightning is caused by a buildup of oppositely charged ions in the clouds and on the ground. When the build-up of charged ions is greater than the resistance of the air, lightning occurs.
There are a few weather phenomena that could possibly be confused for paranormal phenomena, a couple examples are ball lightning and St. Elmo’s fire. Ball lightning is a rare and controversial (but probably natural) weather phenomenon usually occurring in association with thunderstorms. One theory of what ball lightning could be is a cloud of plasma created by the highly charged atmosphere during a thunderstorm.
Another theory postulates that particles in vapor which may form when lightning hits the ground mix with the oxygen in the air, releasing chemical energy as the compound burns. Reports have been recorded as early as the 1600s of balls of lightning ranging in size from golf to beach balls, some even larger. Given its rarity and the reportedly bizarre behavior, ball lightning could easily be mistaken for a paranormal event
As the paranormal is a developing field, there are no right or wrong answers as to whether or not a certain weather condition could enhance or suppress paranormal activity. However, the reports from many paranormal investigators seem to point to the possibility. Since the weather is caused by changes in energy and paranormal activity may be linked to energy, it is a theory that should be studied further and documented scientifically.
Warp: A location where the known laws of physics do not always apply and space/time may be distorted.
White Crow: This refers to the principle that to prove White Crows exist, you only have to have one. Therefore, it justifies spending considerable resources on a single case, if the investigator believes that the case can be definitive.
White Noise: the Acoustical or electrical noise of which the intensity is the same at all frequencies within a given band.
Window: A window area is a region with an unusually high number of paranormal/UFO reports over a significant period of time.
Wraith: Sometimes a person sees a loved one appear briefly to them, or hears their voice offering a warning or advice. The loved one needn’t be a ghost; they are often alive and many miles away. In some cases, these appearances coincide with the death of the loved one or occur during a time of crisis for the witness.
Y: Yahweh: (pronounced “Yah-vay”) According to ancient Hebrew and Qabalistic teaching, the name of God abbreviated to “YHWH,” (in Hebrew, pronounced “Yud-hey vav hey”), which is the Tetragrammaton, whence is derived “Jehova.” It was deemed forbidden to pronounce, or even seek to learn, the full, true name of the Absolute.
Yeti: A legendary creature of Tibet’s Himalayan Mountains region, an anthropoid with both human and ape characteristics, the “Abominable Snow Man.” As with its western counterpart, the Sasquatch or Bigfoot, credible witnesses have reported sightings and numerous tracks have been found, but photographs and purported bodily remnants of the creature remain inconclusive.
You can also search =Yeren, Yeti, Yin Yang, yoga, yowie.
Z: Zarcanor: A malevolent spirit which attacks people while they’re asleep, inspiring nightmares, and sometimes even inflicting minor injuries such as scratches, bruises and what appear to be finger marks. The name is possible of Slavic origin.
Zener Cards: A set of 25 cards for use in card-guessing tests of ESP. Each set contains 5 of each of the following cards: Circle, Square, Greek Cross, Three Wavy Lines, Five-pointed Star.
Zephyr: Spirit bourne upon, governing, or manifesting as the western wind.
zombie: Prevalent in Haitian lore, a cadaver disinterred shortly after burial (ere it spoils) and reanimated through the use of Voodoo, its sole purpose thereafter being servitude as a mindless slave. Combine secret pharmaceuticals inducing simulated death with oxygen deprivation in a tomb, then a hasty exhumation in the dark of night, and there emerges the horrid premise behind the myth.
“deficits in intelligence or lack of reasoning skills” – has nothing to do with a predisposition of an individual to perceive the paranormal. But that’s where I stop to agree with many scientists and authors. I’m an educated person who (still) tries to find logical explanations for everything, but I started perceiving strange things a long time ago in my parents’ house to which neither I or my parents ever had an explanation for. Since then I continued to study and seek the truth f whats normal and whats up normal, why and how we can be duplicated and make sense of it.
we as a society have made a great advance for the benefit of mankind, but we are only just beginning to make our first child steps in the doorsteps of the evolution of the Universe. Just think about the analogy of our place in time by correlating the age of the Universe with a 24 hour day in which we appear in the last second of the day. Or think about the vastness, diversity, and roughness or the Universe. Or the still unexplained dark matter for a fact. And the list could go on and on.
The more we know, the more new questions we seem to have. And it’s a passionate trip of discovery and enlightenment, sure. But to even suggest that all of this is sort of an act of individual illusion (or a collective one, if you wish), No matter what they tell you-you to have to seek the truth your self and find peace with yourself and your environment.
Some medication can give a paranormal effect in dreams, and nightmares such as Antidepressants, blood pressure drugs, and allergy medicines are some of the many popular medications that can affect your dreams, and not always in a good way. Medications that influence the neurotransmitters in our brain — those same chemicals that affect our mood and alertness — often come with the reported side effect of causing disturbing dreams and nightmares. While nightmares occur in only 1–5% of folks using these medications, here is the list of the most common offenders.
1) Blood Pressure Medications – Beta-blockers
Beta-blockers are the most widely complained about a group of drugs when it comes to disturbed dreaming. These medications counteract high blood pressure, but they also affect how the brain responds to the neurotransmitter, norepinephrine. The beta-blockers propranolol, metoprolol, atenolol, and labetalol all carry reports of nightmares from patients taking these medications.
2) Antidepressants – SSRIs
Out of all drugs, the antidepressant, paroxetine (Paxil), holds the strongest clinical evidence for inducing nightmares and disordered dreaming. Paroxetine belongs to a class of medications known as SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), which affect brain pathways that involve the neurotransmitter, serotonin. Paroxetine is specifically known to suppress deep REM sleep, which is a phase of sleep associated with rapid eye movements (REM) and lots of dreaming.
Other SSRI antidepressants have also been reported to cause nightmares, including sertraline (Zoloft) and fluoxetine (Prozac). A newer SSRI, vilazodone (Viibryd), was referenced in a case study of a woman experiencing frightening and terrorizing nightmares just after three doses.
3) Sleep Aids & Allergy Medications – Antihistamines
Apart from preventing allergy symptoms, did you know that some antihistamines can enter your brain and cause sleep-related side effects? Drug-induced nightmares and vivid dreams are most commonly reported with first-generation antihistamines (which are ubiquitous in over-the-counter sleep and allergy medications), but some newer antihistamines may affect the brain too. Here are some examples:
4) Steroids – Prednisone & Methylprednisolone
Two of the most commonly prescribed steroids that can cause weird dreams are prednisone and methylprednisone (Medrol). Steroid hormones can affect brain chemistry and change your mood. And through their effects on neurotransmitters like serotonin, steroids affect sleep.
5) Alzheimer’s Medications – Donepezil & Rivastigmine
Donepezil (Aricept) and rivastigmine (Exelon), medications used to treat dementia in Alzheimer’s patients, affect sleep quality — specifically, the quality and amount of dreaming. Interestingly, researchers found that donepezil taken at night increased nightmares, but a morning dose had no such effect.
6) Parkinson’s Medication – Amantadine
amantadine has been reported to cause vivid dreams, often of a sexual nature. It’s a medication commonly used to treat Parkinson’s patients with fatigue and shakiness due to neurons dying off in the brain. Other side effects of amantadine include confusion, insomnia, and hallucinations.
7) Cholesterol-Lowering Medications – Statins
While nightmares and night terrors have been reported in folks taking simvastatin (Zocor), pravastatin (Pravachol) and atorvastatin (Lipitor), the available information suggests that these are rare events that likely occur in sensitive patients. These medications belong to a class of drugs known as statins, which affect how cholesterol is made in the brain and liver. this drug can also give your joints and muscle pain.
many other drugs and medications, some food and natural supplies can lead to nightmares dream and see things or hearing things
This page offers a full description of psychosis, what causes it, some examples of psychotic conditions, and how it is treated.
Fast facts on psychosisHere are some key points about psychosis. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.
- Psychosis is not a disease in its own right; it is a symptom
- A common psychotic delusion is a belief that the individual is an important figure
- Earlier diagnosis of psychosis improves long-term outcomes
What is psychosis?
Psychosis is a symptom rather than a disease.
Psychosis is an umbrella term means that an individual has sensory experiences of things that do not exist and/or beliefs with no basis in reality.
During a psychotic episode, an individual may experience hallucinations and/or delusions. They may see or hear things that do not exist.
This can be incredibly frightening for the individual and, sometimes, the symptoms can cause them to lash out and hurt themselves or others.
Psychosis is classically associated with schizophrenia spectrum disorders, and, although there are other symptoms, one of the defining criteria for schizophrenia is the presence of psychosis.
Symptoms of psychosis
The classic signs and symptoms of psychosis are:
- Hallucinations – hearing, seeing, or feeling things that do not exist
- Delusions – false beliefs, especially based on fear or suspicion of things that are not real
- Disorganization – in thought, speech, or behavior
- Disordered thinking – jumping between unrelated topics, making strange connections between thoughts
- Catatonia – unresponsiveness
- Difficulty concentrating
Depending on the cause, psychosis can come on quickly or slowly. The same is the case in schizophrenia, although symptoms may have a slow onset and begin with milder psychosis, some people may experience a rapid transition back to psychosis if they stop taking their medication.
The milder, initial symptoms of psychosis might include:
- Feelings of suspicion
- General anxiety
- Distorted perceptions
- Obsessive thinking
- Sleep problems
Hallucinations can affect any of the senses (sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch) in the person with psychosis, but in about two-thirds of patients with schizophrenia, hallucinations are auditory – hearing things and believing them to be real when they do not exist.
The following auditory hallucinations are common:
- Hearing several voices talking, often negatively, about the patient
- A voice giving a commentary on what the patient is doing
- A voice repeating what the patient is thinking
BIZARRE DELUSIONS DURING PSYCHOSIS
Paranoia is a common component of psychotic delusions.
Examples of psychotic delusions include the paranoid type – more likely to be associated with schizophrenia – and delusions of grandeur.
Paranoid delusions – these may cause the person with psychosis to be unduly suspicious of individuals or organizations, believing them to be plotting to cause them harm.
Delusions of grandeur – clearly false but strongly held belief in having a special power or authority – for instance, they may believe that they are a world leader.
Diagnosis of psychosis
In this section, we will discuss the available tests and methods for diagnosing psychosis.
Early diagnosis of psychosis improves long-term outcomes. This is not always achieved, however. The milder forms of psychosis that can lead to schizophrenia are left untreated for an average of 2 years, and even full psychosis can take a number of years before it receives the attention of medical professionals.
To increase the chances of early detection, guidance for healthcare systems drawn up by psychiatrists recommend that the “possibility of a psychotic disorder should be carefully considered” in a young person who is:
- Becoming more socially withdrawn
- Performing worse for a sustained period at school or work, or
- Becoming more distressed or agitated yet unable to explain why
There is no biological test for psychosis itself, and if laboratory tests are done, it is to rule out other medical problems that might provide an alternative explanation.
QUESTIONS FOR PATIENT AND FAMILY
Psychosis is primarily diagnosed by clinical examination and history – the doctor examines the patient and asks about their symptoms, experiences, thoughts, and daily activities; they will also ask if there is a family history of psychiatric illness.
Other medical conditions are ruled out, first of all, especially delirium (sudden onset of a confused state), but epilepsy and a number of other medical explanations are possible.
Doctors will also check for any history of intoxication with drugs, both legal and illegal, and toxins, usually asking for a urine sample to check this.
Once psychosis is narrowed down to a psychiatric cause, there are clearly defined criteria that must be met before a diagnosis is confirmed. Psychiatrists generally rely on the American Psychiatric Association (APA)’s publication known as the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) to make psychiatric diagnoses.
Brain scans may be done in the early stages of medical attention so that other conditions – often treatable and reversible – can be ruled out.
EEG (electroencephalography) testing records the brain’s electrical activity and may help to rule out delirium, head injury, or epilepsy as possible causes of psychotic symptoms.
Causes of psychosis
The exact causes of psychosis are not well understood but might involve:
- Genetics – research shows that schizophrenia and bipolar disorder may share a common genetic cause.
- Brain changes – alterations in brain structure and changes in certain chemicals are found in people who have psychosis. Brain scans have revealed reduced gray matter in the brains of some individuals who have a history of psychosis, which may explain effects on thought processing.
- Hormones/sleep – postpartum psychosis occurs very soon after giving birth (normally within 2 weeks). The exact causes are not known, but some researchers believe it might be due to changes in hormone levels and disrupted sleep patterns.
Treatments for psychosis
In this section, we discuss the treatments for psychosis and some methods of prevention.
Treatment with a class of drugs known as antipsychotics is the most common therapy for people with a psychotic illness.
Antipsychotics are effective at reducing psychosis symptoms in psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, but they do not themselves treat or cure underlying psychotic illnesses.
So-called second-generation antipsychotics are most commonly used by doctors to treat psychosis. While their use is widespread in the United States, this is controversial. The World Health Organization (WHO) does not recommend them, except clozapine (branded Clozaril and FazaClo in the U.S.), which may be used under special supervision if there has been no response to other antipsychotic medicines.
ACUTE AND MAINTENANCE PHASES OF SCHIZOPHRENIA
Antipsychotic treatment of schizophrenia is in two phases – the acute phase to treat initial psychotic episodes and a lifelong phase of maintenance therapy.
During the acute phase, a stay in hospital is often needed. Sometimes a technique called rapid tranquilization is used. A fast-acting medication that relaxes the patient will be used to ensure that they do not harm themselves or others.
In the maintenance phase, treatment of schizophrenia is in the community and antipsychotics help to prevent further psychotic episodes, although relapses often occur, sometimes due to a failure to take the medications. Lifelong treatment of schizophrenia may involve other interventions and support, including the role of the family in care.
Psychotherapy can also be useful in treating cognitive and residual symptoms of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders.
Types of psychosis
A number of disorders can display psychotic symptoms, including:
- Schizophrenia – a serious mental health disorder affecting the way someone feels, thinks, and acts. Individuals find it difficult to distinguish between what is real and what is imaginary.
- Schizoaffective disorder – a condition similar to schizophrenia that includes periods of mood disturbances.
- Brief psychotic disorder – psychotic symptoms last at least 1 day but no longer than 1 month. Often occurring in response to a stressful life event. Once symptoms have gone, they may never return.
- Delusional disorder – the individual has a strong belief in something irrational and often bizarre with no factual basis. Symptoms last for 1 month or longer.
- Bipolar psychosis – individuals have the symptoms of bipolar disorder (intense highs and lows in the mood) and also experience episodes of psychosis. The psychosis more commonly occurs during manic phases.
- Psychotic depression – also known as a major depressive disorder with psychotic features.
- Postpartum (also called postnatal) psychosis – a severe form of postnatal depression.
- Substance-induced psychosis – including alcohol, certain illegal drugs, and some prescription drugs, including steroids and stimulants.
These are the primary causes of psychotic symptoms, but psychosis can also be secondary to other disorders and diseases, including:
- Brain tumor or cyst
- Dementia – Alzheimer’s disease, for example
- Neurological illness – such as Parkinson’s disease and Huntington’s disease
- HIV and other infections that can affect the brain
- Some types of epilepsy
Can human consciousness exist independently of an interconnected system of brain neurons?
To the atheist and skeptic, the answer to this question is an obvious resounding no: these unbelievers are certain that human consciousness and memories are blown out like a candle flame by the wind of time and mortality. My blogs over the coming weeks examine the strong evidence that this pessimistic and materialistic view of the ‘human condition’ is simplistic, unscientific and just plain wrong. As Shakespeare’s Hamlet so eloquently put it, “There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, Than are dreamt of in your philosophy.
Please play the following two-minute video gives a short preview of the topics the first few blogs on this website will explore in the coming weeks.
The blogs pursue the theme that studying the abnormal is often the key to understanding the normal. There are very few natural radioactive elements, but studying these types of the atom a hundred years ago brought an understanding of the atomic structure of all elements. Our blogs suggest that studying authenticated examples of the paranormal is the key to understanding normal human consciousness.
Thinking in the Rain.
Many long years ago, as a postgraduate student, I was sitting on a rocky shore on the Isle of Cumbrae, in the Forth of Clyde, Scotland near the Millport Marine Biology Research Station. The island is famous for its bioluminescence which flashes in scintillating waves of blue light as the incoming waves break against the shore contrasting with the silver starlight in a jet-black sky. Kicking my legs in the incoming water stimulated the minute single-celled flagellate, Noctiluca Scintillans, to emit even brighter bursts of light strong enough for me to read the small print of the Fritjof Capra’s newly published book, ‘The Tao of Physics’.
It was an appropriate book to read in the bioluminescent wave light since one of the book’s themes is that everything in the universe, including apparently solid matter such as the rocks on this beach, is composed of waves. As it began to rain, intersecting bioluminescent ripples produced by raindrops landing on the sea swell suggested to me the waves of consciousness that lap incessantly against the cellular shores of brain neurons in the intercellular ‘sea’ between brain neurons to generate, in some mysterious way, human consciousness.
Over forty years later, that night shoreline image flashed into my mind as I began programming a simulation to illustrate the wave/electromagnetic theory of memory and consciousness that we will discuss in future blogs.
The first three articles on reputed reincarnation featured in this website suggest that whatever its physical nature, consciousness and memories can indeed have an independent existence and survive outside the network of brain neurons of the living human body.