What are muscle cramps?
A muscle cramp is a strong, painful contraction or tightening of a muscle that comes on suddenly and lasts from a few seconds to several minutes. It often occurs in the legs. A muscle cramp is also called a charley horse.
Nighttimes leg cramps are usually sudden spasms, or tightening, of muscles in the calf. The muscle cramps can sometimes happen in the thigh or the foot. They often occur just as you are falling asleep or waking up.
What causes muscle cramps?
The cause of muscle cramps isn’t always known. Muscle cramps may be brought on by many conditions or activities, such as:
- Exercising, injury, or overuse of muscles.
- Pregnancy . Cramps may occur because of decreased amounts of minerals, such ascalcium and magnesium , especially in the later months of pregnancy.
- Exposure to cold temperatures, especially to cold water.
- Other medical conditions, such asblood flow problems (peripheral arterial disease), kidney disease , thyroid disease, and multiple sclerosis .
- Standing on a hard surface for a long time, sitting for a long time, or putting your legs in awkward positions while yousleep .
- Not having enoughpotassium , calcium , and other minerals in your blood .
- Beingdehydrated , which means that your body has lost too much fluid?
- Taking certain medicines, such as antipsychotics,birth control pills , diuretics , statins , and steroids .
How can you stop a muscle cramp when it happens?
You may need to try several different ways to stop a muscle cramp before you find what works best for you. Here are some things you can try:
- Stretch andmassage the muscle.
- Take a warm shower or bath to relax the muscle. A heating pad placed on the muscle can also help.
- Try using an ice or cold pack. Always keep a cloth between yourskin and the ice pack.
- Take an over-the-counter pain medicine, such asacetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), or naproxen (Aleve). Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label.
- If your doctor prescribes medicines for muscle cramps, take them exactly as prescribed. Call your doctor if you have any problems with your medicine.
- Drink plenty of fluids. Sports drinks, such as Gatorade, will often help leg cramps.
- walk exercise stretch and drink water, take multi vitamins
Leg cramps can occur because elevated blood sugar causes excessive urination and subsequent dehydration. … Leg cramps are not just a sign of dehydration. In combination with pain in the arms and legs, they are a sign of diabetic neuropathy, which is damage to nerves as the result of high blood sugar levels
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People taking prescription medications should be careful about consuming grapefruit, however, as grapefruit can interfere with the clearance of some drugs, including those used for high blood pressure, increasing the side effects of this medication. Sep 11, 2015
People also ask
Why is grapefruit not good with medicine?
Grapefruit contains compounds known as furanocoumarins that block the CYP3A4 enzymes. When grapefruit juice is consumed, the enzyme’s ability to break down the drug for elimination is decreased. Blood levels of the drug may rise, resulting in the risk for new or worsened side effects.
What medications should not be taken with grapefruit?
Fun Facts About Fruits and Vegetables
- Statins (cholesterol-lowering drugs): lovastatin (Mevacor), atorvastatin (Lipitor), simvastatin (Zocor, Vytorin)
- Antihistamines: ebastine.
- Calcium channel blockers (blood pressure drugs): nitrendipine, felodipine (Plendil), nifedipine (Adamant, Procardia)
Commonly reported side effects of metformin include: lactic acidosis, diarrhea, nausea, nausea and vomiting, vomiting, and flatulence. Other side effects include: diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, asthenia, and decreased vitamin b12 serum concentrate. See below for a comprehensive list of adverse effects.
For the Consumer
Applies to metformin: oral solution, oral tablet, oral tablet extended release
In addition to its needed effects, some unwanted effects may be caused by metformin. In the event that any of these side effects do occur, they may require medical attention.
Major Side Effects
You should check with your doctor immediately if any of these side effects occur when taking metformin:
- Abdominal or stomach discomfort
- cough or hoarseness
- decreased appetite
- fast or shallow breathing
- fever or chills
- general feeling of discomfort
- lower back or side pain
- muscle pain or cramping
- painful or difficult urination
- blurred vision
- chest discomfort
- cold sweats
- cool, pale skin
- difficult or labored breathing
- fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
- feeling of warmth
- increased hunger
- increased sweating
- redness of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally, upper chest
- shortness of breath
- slurred speech
- tightness in the chest
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- Behavior change similar to being drunk
- difficulty with concentrating
- lack or loss of strength
- restless sleep
- unusual sleepiness
Minor Side Effects
Some of the side effects that can occur with metformin may not need medical attention. As your body adjusts to the medicine during treatment these side effects may go away. Your health care professional may also be able to tell you about ways to reduce or prevent some of these side effects. If any of the following side effects continue, are bothersome or if you have any questions about them, check with your health care professional:
- Acid or sour stomach
- excess air or gas in the stomach or intestines
- full feeling
- loss of appetite
- metallic taste in the mouth
- passing of gas
- stomach upset or pain
- weight loss
- Abnormal stools
- bad, unusual, or unpleasant (after) taste
- change in taste
- difficulty with moving
- discoloration of the fingernails or toenails
- flu-like symptoms
- joint pain
- a runny nose
- stuffy nose
- swollen joints
- STEVE RAMSEY
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•Service Animal Relief Areas
Our entire article was published in conformance with the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines to allow easy interpretation for readers with disabilities.
You can view the guide here: https://millionmilesecrets.com/guides/how-to-make-flying-with-disabilities-less-stressful/
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